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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎72r] (141/638)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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SfiCftET. Revis ed to 17th February 1934.
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , P«Z. 614/34. jy t
- t—
Memo. B. 430.
The Southern Boundary of Qatar and the Connected Probl^ms^
The question for settlement is that of the boundaries of the Sheikhdom of Qatar
where it is not bounded by the sea. In the pre-war period the boundary to the south
was to some extent indeterminate, but broadly speaking was regarded at the time of
the compilation of Lorimer's Gazetteer in 1905-07 as running across the base of the ^ q 6 TI '
Qatar Peninsula more or less south-east from Dohat-as-Salvva to a point north of 0
Khor-al-'Odeid. There is reason to believe that the Sheikh of Qatar still regards it
as following approximately this line (see paragraph 8 below), but conditions have not
been propitious for raising the question specifically with him, and the present note
aims at reaching a provisional conclusion on the material available as to—
(a) the southern boundary of Qatar ;
{})} if the boundaries of Qatar on the south and west do not extend to the blue
line agreed as the eastern frontier of Nejd in the unratified Anglo-Turkish
Convention of July 1913, the position of the interveuing area.
The history of the question is as follows :—
The Boundary on the South-East.
St To the east, the boundary between Qatar and the adjoining Trucial Sheikhdom
of Abu Dhabi has been the subject of frequent dispute in the past. The Sheikh of
Abu Dhabi has claimed sovereignty over a stretch of Qatar territory running so far Lor. II, 405.
north as the Bay of Umm-al-Hul, south of Wakra on the map attached.'* The Sheikh
of Qatar, for his part, has claimed sovereignty over areas in the Abu Dhabi
Sheikhdom running as far east as the Sabakhat Matti. His Majesty's Government Lor. II, 88-
have consistently refused to recognise claims so exaggerated by either party, but they 89 -
have repeatedly intimated that they regard the Khor-al-'Odeid, which lies about mid
way between the extreme points referred to, as appertaining to Abu Dhabi. They have Lor. II, 89.
also recognised the Abu Dhabi claim to the district of 'Aqal, geographical details of
which are given in I (iii) of the Appendix to this note, and which contains both the
Khor-al-'Odeid and the Khor-adh-Dhuwaihin. We have thus a fixed point for the
south-eastern boundary of Qatar.
The Boundary on the South-West.
3. On the south-western extremity of the Qatar boundary there has been no
corresponding dispute, nor is there a fixed point equally definitely established which
can with confidence be regarded as marking the western limit of the territories of
The Position prior to the Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913.
4. The southern boundary of Qatar was closely investigated locally between 1904
and 1907 by experienced political officers in connection with the compilation of
Mr. Lorimer's " Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer." The result of their investigation is given
in the extract from the Gazetteer reproduced as item I (i) in the Appendix to this
note. Broadly speaking, it went to show that the southern boundary of the State
ran south-east from Dohat-as-Salwa to a point to the north of the Khor-al-Odeid.
Over the first section, running irom Dohat-as-Salwa to the Wells of Sakak, there was
no dispute. The boundary between the Wells of Sakak and the sea on the eastern
side of the Qatar Peninsula was, however, indeterminate. Two alternatives (the
difference at its widest point being some 20 miles) were reported by Lorimer. For
the reasons given by him (and substantially based on the historical considerations
referred to in paragraph 2 above) he regarded the second alternative as preferable.
The effect of its acceptance would be that the eastern sector of the southern Qatar
boundary would run south-east from the Wells of Sakak to the sea north of the
* Not reproduced.
2560 12, 12 2.34

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The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.

Extent and format
1 volume (319 folios)

The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎72r] (141/638), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/628, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 February 2020]

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