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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎74v] (146/638)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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c
The Barr-ai-Qaraii District.
18. The importance of this district for the present purpose is first that it embraces
the coastal strip lying between the blue line and the pre-war western extremity of
Qatar, and secondly that it appears to correspond fairly closely, if not exactly, with
the triangle of land lying to the east of the blue line, which falls within the area left
to the west of the rough line indicted to Ibn baud and Major Holmes by Sir P. Cox
in 1922 (see paragraph 6 above). Mr. Philby, with the assistance of recommendations
and guides furnished by Ibn Jiluwi, the Saudi Governor of Hasa, travelled through
a portion of it in 1932. The impression left by his "Empty Quarter" is that the
dominant political influence at the present da} 7 are the Saudi Government and the
Ikhwan. Details of the Barr-al-Qarah district are given in the extract from Lorimer
reproduced as item I (v) in the Appendix to this Note. As will be seen, Lorimer
considered that it "might perhaps be reckoned as included in the Sanjaq of Hasa"-
in other words, in the pre-war Ottoman Sandjaq of Nejd. On this assumption the
boundaries of Nejd in the 1913 Convention might well have been fixed so as to
include it, with the result that the limits of Nejd would have touched the pre-war
limits of Qatar on the coastline at the head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay, the hinterland
(actually the Jafurah Desert) being left in indeterminate ownership. For whatever
reason (and it must be assumed that substantial justification was produced to persuade
the Turks to relinquish their position in the Barr-al-Qarah) the line was in fact fixed
farther to the west. But the history of the Barr-al-Qarah, and the fact that the
1913 Convention had never been ratified, may well have been the reasons which led
Sir P. Cox in 1922 to fix the limits of Hasa at a point which included in it the
Barr-al-Qarah rather than at the blue line of the 1913 Convention.
Conclusions.
19. In the light of the examination of the position given above, and subject to the
observations of the Government of India and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , the best course
would appear to be the following:—
(a) Boundaries of Qatar. —To agree that the boundaries of Qatar shall be accepted
as being on the north, east and west, the sea ; on the south, a line running
across the base of the Peninsula from a point not south of the latitude of the
head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay to a point not south of the north side of the
Khor-al-Odeid inlet. The line indicated on the I.P.O. map would satisfy
these criteria, and if it is confirmed that it is the line at present claimed by
the Sheikh of Qatar it could be accepted. A slight modification to bring
the line some 12 miles south to the head of Dohat-ns-Salwa Bay, and so to
ieduce the area oi sea coast in indeterminate ownership, could be considered
if necessary.
(?>) The bkie line of the 1913 Convention, to be maintained as against Ibn Saud,
oi the reasons given in paragraph 11 above, as the eastern boundary of
oaudi Arabia.
(c) If a claim is advanced by Ibn Saud to the Barr-al-Qarah on the ground of the
me indicated by Sir Percy Cox in the Oqair conversations in 1922, referred
o m paiagraph 6, that His Majesty's Government should either—
(i) concede the claim, on the ground, if necessary, that they regarded
lemse ves as committed by the informal conversations of 1922, but
witiiout prejudice to the maintenance in principle of the blue line, and in
qn, U11 ++ m 1 a - orina J t 1 ' eco gnition by Ibn Saud of the validity of this liQe-
can ution to Ibn Saud of the Barr-al-Qarah area, undesirable as it
may je on ot lei giounds, would have the advantage of leaving no gap of
mdeternnnnte territory bordering on the sea coast, for we can without
liln ' 011 aS + "i 11 ' i" (a) above, recognise the frontiers of Qatar as
ends 11Um ^' a 0 ' la t-as-Salvva, i.e. at the point at which the Barr-al-Qaral 1
^ " as thought preferable to make no concession in respect of
1099 v T'i , a t0 ar S t, e that informal discussions such as those of
ofI neve !' been confirmed in writing or been the subject
Ooven^intf^lTv, 11 '' r bindill g effect, and that His Majesty's
the fict tint \■ P1 ! ^nd on the bine line. Play might be made witi
Saud of K ( e I" 6 , draW ? by Sir Per cy Cox would, in fact, deprive
side of the bluehne area 8 betwe eu Djau-ed-Dukhan and the western

About this item

Content

The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.

Extent and format
1 volume (319 folios)
Arrangement

The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎74v] (146/638), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/628, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023873571.0x000093> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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