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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎75r] (147/638)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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7
{d) The area lying between the blue line and the boundaries recognised for Qatar
as in (a) above to be regarded, subject to confirmation by the Resident that
-no claim to them is made or could be substantiated west of Aqal by Abu
Dhabi, as of indeterminate ownership. As it appears to be largely
inhospitable desert under Ikhwan control, save for the coastal strip of^the
Barr-al-Qarah, the likelihood that oil companies will actively interest
themselves in it is probably small, if they do, on the principle that Ibn
Saud has no interest east of the blue line, it might be necessary to consider
whether to attribute it to Qatar or Abu Dhabi (the wording of the 1913
Convention, as quoted in paragraph 5 above, would assist us in claiming it
for Qatar). It would in any event be desirable, in order to prevent foreign
interests from endeavouring to establish a foothold in it, to consider in what
way it could best be made clear that we regarded it as falling within our
own sphere of influence or that of one of our Trucial allies.
' When once oil operations have started in Qatar, to convey a warning (if and
when circumstances should make this appear advisable) through the Sheikh of
Qatar to the migratory Bedouin tribes who use the area referred to in (d) that
in the event of their crossing, with hostile intent or save for normal peaceful
pursuits, such as grazing, such line as may be fixed as the boundary of
Qatar, they will do so at their own peril. The local political authorities
would no doubt be able to ascertain and to advise what customary rights in
respect of grazing, &c. these migratory tribes at present eujoy within Qatar
proper. On the question whether any corresponding intimation should be
made to Ibn Saud in respect of tribes permanently belonging to Nejd but
using the indeterminate area it seems definitely preferable, in the interest of
dpi • avoiding discussion with him of the position of the indeterminate area and
iife of the blue line, to make no communication unless and until circumstances
make this quite inevitable. The question of any communication in respect
of Nejdi tribes (if any) using Qatar territory could equally be postponed
unless and until circumstances may make it necessary to consider it.
erf
iif
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , J. G. Laithwaite.
26th January 1934.
APPENDIX.
Boundaries of Qatar.
I—Extracts from Lorimer' s 'Gazetteer.
(i) Qatar.
(iV.B.—Mr. Lorimer's article on Qatar is stated to be the result of special enquiries
made over a number of years locally.)
Lorimer, Vol. II, page 1506, defines the boundaries of Qatar as follows :—
" On the east, north and west, Qatar is surrounded by the sea. The southern
boundary is somewhat indeterminate. It begins at the foot of Dohat-as-Salwa
on the western side of the promontory, and from that point runs south-eastwards
to the wells of Sakak: thence, according to one account, it strikes east-north
east to the north end of the Naqiyan sandhills, or, according to another, east by
south to the southern end of the same hills on the north side of the entrance to
Khor-al-'Odaid. As the territory of the Trucial Sheikh of Abu Dhabi has never
clearly been asserted to extend beyond Khor-al-'Odaid, and as the Al-Thani
Sheikhs of Qatar undoubtedly claim the Naqiyan tract, the latter of the two
alternative lines is to be preferred ; the British Government have recognised
Khor-al-'Odaid as belonging to Abu Dhabi and the boundary consequently cannot
be placed nearer to Trucial Oman, though the Al-Thani Sheikhs assert a right
to the whole coast as far as the Sabakhat Matti. It is said that three men
stationed at Dohat-as-Salwa, Sakak and Niqa-al-Maharah, respectively, can watch
the whole southern border of Qatar from sea to sea."

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Content

The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.

Extent and format
1 volume (319 folios)
Arrangement

The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎75r] (147/638), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/628, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023873571.0x000094> [accessed 17 November 2019]

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