'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [77v] (152/638)
The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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The Anglo-Turkish Convention of July 1913.
5. Discussion, ovor tliG yGtirs iqll - lo l )GtvvGGn tlig imlvisli Gov6rDmGn|;
His Majesty's GovernmGnt on tbo various matters in disputo botween them in
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. area culminated in the latter year in tbe signature of two Conventi
defining inter olid tlie eastern limits of lurkisli autlionty m Arabia. llieConvi
of 29th July 1913, which defined the eastern boundary of Nejd, is alone relevant...
the present purpose. Under that Convention, which, though reference is made toil
in the ratified Anglo-Turkish Convention oi 9th March 1914, was never itself ratified,
the eastern boundary of the Turkish Sanjaq of ^ojd was defined by a blue line oi
the map running due south from the head of the bay opposite Zaqnuniyeh Island ii
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to the 20th parallel of latitude in the Central Arabian Desert. Tk
text of the relevant article is given in section II of the Appendix attached to this Note,
Its wording (" une ligne . . . separera le ISiedjd de la presqu lie d'El Katr. Ij
limites du Nedjd sont indiquees par une ligne bleue . . . ") would justify tl
contention that the blue line was at once the eastern frontier of Nejd and the westei
frontier of Qatar. But there are definite objections to adopting this view. In tb
first place, there is nothing to show that this was, in fact, the intention of i
Majesty's Government at the time when the Convention was concluded, or that tliej
had any object beyond limiting the eastern boundary of the Turkish possessions i
this area. Secondly, there is no evidence of any claim to suzerainty by Qatar
2.99/34. to the west or so far to the south. Thirdly, the Resident's telegram of 11th Janus
1934, T. 19, emphasises the absence of control by the Sheikh of Qatar over the intern
of his State (and a fortiori over regions so remote from Dohah as are now u
consideration). Fourthly (though this by itself is probably not of serious importance)
the position vis-a-vis Ibn Saud is to some extent compromised, as explained bek
at any rate as regards the Barr-al-Qarah, by the line fixed by Sir Percy Cox in
Fifthly, it is arguable that even in a formal document such as the 1913 Conventid,
the fact that the blue line is spoken of separating Nejd from the Qatar Peninsuk
need not be regarded as determining the boundary of Qatar. The Qatar Peninsuli
was the closest prominent geographical feature and the nearest adjoining Arab political
entity on the mainland, and a reference to it for descriptive purposes was not unnatural
finally, there is much to be said for giving no avoidable extensions to the boundaria
of Qatar, even if the consequence is that we have to deal with an area of indeterminate
ownership between those boundaries and the blue line.
Line indicated in 1922 by Sir P. Cox to Ibn Saud and Major Holmes as the
Limit of any Oil Concession in respect of Hasa.
6. One more incident of importance should be recorded before coming to
latest evidence as to the view held by the Sheikh of Qatar as to his soutten
boundary. The incident is that referred to in Colonel Dickson's letter of 4th ^
^ i 1 0 ' r) ., ^ ie ^li^ical Resident, copies of which were received under tk
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. 's express letter of 18th December 1933, No. 1934 S., when
ercy Cox, who was then High Commissioner for Iraq, in a discussion at Oqairin 1^
with Ibn Saud, then Sultan of Nejd, and Major Holmes, warned both the Sultaj
and Major Holmes that the Sultan could grant no concession, and Major Holmes
i eceive none from him^ in respect of the Principality of Qatar, and drew on a ma
a line running from Djau-ed-Dukhan to Dohat-as-Salwa, which, he indicated. m " R
.epiesent the eastern boundary of any concession granted by Ibn Saud in r(
P^m'nqnia ^ vf 6 ' W se6n ^ rom t ^ e ma P' excludes the whole (
.)f X An o-ln T lnc J d ^ ntalI y a substantial area lying to the west of the blue
1 1.!^ f ^ ar A 1 i G ? r riv ® nt ; on )- ft also includes in Hasa an area to the east of tlie
it oons/ftutll Turkish Conyention. ]t should, howeyer, be noted that wlw
hound s f i i 6 ." 1 . 6 m ' atl on ot the High Commissioner's view as to the east®
far as OatL mTJht h^ Way , s f cificall y defined the boundaries o£ Qatar sare B"
regarded liavin 1 6 re ^ an - as marching with Hasa and Nejd, or might '
I 'jj 3 Convention ^ ^ lan ' a western frontier bounded by the blue line of tl*
t L °° vent1011 at time when that Convention was concluded *
+ Qi-r. J
printed as Appendix IV to this Memorandum^ 61 ^ are Contained t ^ e dated 27tli February
I h \
About this item
The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (319 folios)
The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 1r:1v, 1Ar, 1Av, 1Br, 1Bv, 1Cr, 1Cv, 1Dr, 1Dv, 2r:16v, 16Br, 16Bv, 17r:28r, 29r, 30r, 31r, 32r, 33r, 34r, 35r, 36r, 37r, 38r, 39r, 40r, 41r, 42r, 43r, 44r, 45r, 46r, 47r:136v, 140v, 152v:161v, 161Ar, 161Av, 161Br, 161Bv, 162r:199v, 199Ar, 199Av, 200r:208v, 210Ar, 210Av, 210v:276v, 276Ar, 276Av, 277r:284r, 287r, 286r:286v, 287v:308r, 309r:312v, i-r:iii-v, back-i
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