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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎78v] (154/638)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Position of Area lying between Base of Qatar Peninsula and Blue Line of
A nglo -Turkish Convention of 1913.
10. If, in these circumstances, it is accepted that the southern boundary of Qatar
should be a line running via or to the north of bakak moie or less south-east from
Dohat-as -Salwa or a point slightly to the north of Dohat-as-balwa to a point to the
north of the Khor-al-'Odeid, the difficult question arises oi the position of the country
lying between such a line and the blue line of the Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913,
Importance of Maintaining the Blue Line.
11. On the one hand, it appears definitely important if possible to maintain tte
blue line laid down in the unratified Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913 as against
Ibn Saud or any other future ruler of this part of Arabia. W hile the 1913 ConventioD
was never ratified, the blue line at any rate represents the agreement reached at tie
time between Turkey and His Majesty's Government as to the limits of Turki
authority in northern Arabia and on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and in dealing with Ibn Said
as the successor in title to the Turks we can, it would seem, not unreasonably tale
our stand on it. The difficulties of finding any satisfactory substitute are patent
The undesirability of giving Ibn Saud, in the absence of any definite eastern boundarj
to his territories, an excuse for territorial expansion (as distinct from the exercise, as
at present, of an informal influence and the receipt from our Arab clients of payments
which we do not recognise and the existence of which we ignore) in the hinterland of
the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. and of Muscat is equally clear. Such expansion would clearlj -
involve a risk either of his coming into conflict with the local rulers, whose treat} if
relations with His Majesty's Government he has formally recognised, or of la :-if
establishing an influence in the Sheikhdoms in question so powerful as to 'oe
embarrassing from our point of view.
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Disadvantages of Maintenance of the Blue Line while fixing Southern Boundaet
of Qatar at the Base of the Qatar Peninsula.
12. At the same time, important on general grounds, for the reasons given, as
the maintenance of the blue line appears to be, the fact must be faced that in tie
present case, if we continue to regard it as the eastern boundary of Ibn Saud's territorr,
and if, as suggested, we accept a southern boundary lor Qatar running roughly across
the base of the Qatar Peninsula, a not inconsiderable area lying between the two f,
States, and peopled by migratory Bedouin tribes, will be left in an indeterminate
political position. 1 here is a possibility that the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi, who lias in
the past exercised a wide influence, and made tribal alliances of his own, in tie
Trucial hinterland—c/. Sir P. Cox's letter No. 176 of 28th June 1904—might prefer
some claim to such an area. But, though on this point further information will ^
sought fiom the Resident, there seems little evidence of any active interest on tl
part of Dhahi in any area to the west of 'Aqal. Assuming that no such clai
exists, or could be substantiated, the alternatives are to recognise the areai
)elongmg to Ibn Saud ; to recognise it as belonging to the Sheikh of Qatar; or
regard it as a political no-man's land.
1 • + 'i ^ e ^ 0 S 1 ^ lse d it as belonging to Ihn Sand we could, if necessary, call upon
nm o veep ledouin raids into Qatar from it under control. But such recognition
wou d not merely be inconsistent with the maintenance of the blue line of the ID®
./onven ion, o t e a bandonment of which, as stated above, the objections appear to ^
b long, ut m ou repiesent a formal acceptance of Saudi sovereignty to the borders
<,r Qatar and Abu Dhabi which might well prove embarrassing.
. ^ If .' 011 11:16 other hand, it is attributed to the Sheikh of Qatar, we should be
justified m expecting the full co-operation of the Sheikh in dealing with Bedoum
activities withm its limits But such an attribution would not merely give to#;
expend the lim^t^TnT 1 no ^ 111 tlle P ast appear to have claimed, but wo«H
tlth the ot3 of an ^ 1 liablllt y for Protection which we may undertake in connecHoB
Ju rate ^LLT ? ^ be necessary to claim the area M
fn it or of an TntP f ip) ^ Qatar lf ther e were serious signs of foreign interej
i i an intention on the part of Ibn Saud to occupy it But pending
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About this item


The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.

Extent and format
1 volume (319 folios)

The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎78v] (154/638), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/628, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 7 December 2019]

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