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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎79v] (156/638)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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-L.
The Barr-al-Qarah District.
18. The importance of this district for the present purpose is first that itGinbraces.
the coastal strip lying between the blue line and the ore-war western extremity of
Qatar, and secondly that it appears to correspond fairly closely, if not exactly, with,
the triangle of land lying to the east of the blue line, which falls within the area left
to the west of the rough line indicted to Ibn Saud and Major Holmes by Sir P. Cox
in 11)22 (see paragraph 6 above). Mr. Philby, with the assistance of recommendations
and guides furnished by Ibn Jiluwi, the Saudi Governor of Hasa, travelled througli
a portion of it in 1932. The impression left by his " Empty Quarter" is that tlie
dominant political influence at the present day are the Saudi Government and the
Ikhwan. Details of the Barr-al-Qarah district are given in the extract from Lorimer
reproduced as item I (v) in the Appendix to this Note. As will be seen, Lorimer
considered that it " might perhaps be reckoned as included in the Sanjaq of Hasa"-
in other words, in the pre-war Ottoman Sandjaq of Nejd. On this assumptioii the
boundaries of Nejd in the 1913 Convention might well have been fixed so as to
include it, with the result that the limits of ISejd would have touched the pre-war
limits oi Qatar on the coastline at the head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay, the hinterland
(actually the Jafurah Desert) being left in indeterminate ownership. For whatever
reason (and it must be assumed that substantial justification was produced to persuade
the Turks to relinquish their position in the Barr-al-Qarah) the line was in fact fixed
farther to the west. But the history of the Barr-al-Qarah, and the fact that the-
1913 Convention had never been ratified, may well have been the reasons which led
Sir P. Cox in 1922 to fix the limits of Hasa at a point which included in it the
Barr-al-Qarah rather than at the blue line of the 1913 Convention.
■^'Conclusions.
19. In the light of the examination of the position given above, and subject to the
observations of the Government of India and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , the best course
would appear to be the following :—
(a) Boundaries of Qatar. —To agree that the boundaries of Qatar shall be accepted
as being on the north, east and west, the sea; on the south, a line runninf
across the base of the Peninsula from a point not south of the latitude of the
head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay to a point not south of the north side of the
Khor-al-Odeid inlet, ihe line indicated on the I.P.O. map would satisfy
these criteria, and if it is confirmed that it is the line at present claimed by
the Sheikh of Qatar it could be accepted. A slight modification to bring^
the line some 12 miles south to the head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay, and so to
reduce the area of sea coast in indeterminate ownership, could be considered
if necessary.
(h) The blue line of the 1913 Convention, to be maintained as against Ibn Saud,
^or the reasons given in paragraph 11 above, as the eastern boundary of
baudi Arabia.
(c) If a claim is advanced by Ibn Saud to the Barr-al-Qarah on the ground of the
line indicated by Sir Percy Cox in the Oqair conversations in 1922* referred
to m paragraph 6, that His Majesty's Government should either-
Cu concede the claim, on the ground, if necessary, that they regarded
lenibe \es as committed by the informal conversations of 1922, but
wimout prejudice to the maintenance in principle of the blue line, and in
rm Ui n ,, Pi 1 " a . * orma JRecognition by Ibn Saud of the validity of this line.
le a n ution to Ibn Saud of the Barr-al-Qarah area, undesirable as it
• 1 ? , Je 0 . n 0 101 g^onnds, would have the advantage of leaving no gap of
H n ifflp i e if lina ternt0ry 1 bordering on the sea coast, for we can without
bpcrinnin' ^ a ^ ove . recognise the frontiers of Qatar as
ends Dohat-as-Salwa, i.e. at the point at which the Barr-al -Qarah
hlnl r pieferable to make no concession in respect of
199? i 0n t0 ai ^ uethat informal discussions such as those of
of formal n cU Deve | ^ een confirmed in writing or been the subject
Governmlntln 6 iT •' f 0 billdin S' eff ect, and that His Majesty's
the fact that tl 0 V stanc ! 011 ' > ' lie ^ ne - Play might be made with
Saud of a sub ' r 6 ! dr ™T by Sir Perc > T Cox ^ fact, deprive ^
Side of the blue line yl " g tWeen ^''"-e'i-Duklian and the western
• cp. on this point paragraph 5 o( the Note reprodnced as Appendix'lV to this Memorandum.

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Content

The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.

Extent and format
1 volume (319 folios)
Arrangement

The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎79v] (156/638), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/628, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023873571.0x00009d> [accessed 6 December 2019]

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