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'Further Papers respecting the Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa and the System Pursued for its Suppression' [‎89r] (45/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (25 folios). It was created in 29 Oct 1869. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 26.
Mr. Otway to Mr. Hamilton.
Sir, Foreign Office, October 23, 1869.
IN reply to your letter of the 2nd instant I am directed by the Earl of Clarendon
to request that you will inform the Lords of the Treasury that in the year 1863 the
Sultan of Zanzibar undertook to prohibit entirely the transport of slaves from port to port
within his dominions during the months of January, February, March, and April, when the
Northern Arabs from the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Red Sea frequent the coasts of the Sultan's
territories for the purpose of procuring slaves.
Lord Clarendon is not aware that the Sultan has extended that prohibition to the
remaining months of the year; and it would appear by his letter to Mr. Churchill
of December last that he has not done so, as he therein demands " that the British navy
should no longer molest the ships of our subjects found between the limits within which
the carrying of slaves is allowed, namely, from Keelwa to Lamoo, save during the four
months at which time, in accordance with the wishes of the British Government, we have
prohibited the carrying of slaves in our own dominions."
I am, &c.
No. 27.
Mr. Otway to Mr. Hamilton.
Sir, Foreign Office, October 23, 1869.
I AM directed by the Earl of Clarendon to transmit to you, to be laid before the
Lords of the Treasury, copies of two Orders in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). , granting among other rights of
jurisdiction to Her Majesty's Consuls in Muscat and Madagascar, the powers ordinarily
given to Yice-Admiralty Courts in Her Majesty's possessions abroad in regard to Slave
Trade matters; and I am to request that you will move their Lordships to refer these
Orders to their legal advisers on Slave Trade matters, with a view to the preparation of
enactments granting to the Vice-Admiralty Courts in Muscat and Madagascar, powers in
regard to bounties and the adjudication of Slave Trade cases similar to those given to the
Court at Zanzibar, by the Act of last Session entitled " The Slave Trade Jurisdiction
(Zanzibar) Act."
I am, &c.
No. 28.
Memorandum by Mr. Churchill respecting Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa,
Information. Suggestions.
1. In the Indian Ocean dhows are en
gaged in the Slave Trade from the south
point of Madagascar, and the southern end
of the Portuguese Colony of Mozambique,
to the upper extremity of the Persian
The nationalities to which the said dhows
belong, are the following: Portuguese, Mal-
gash, French, Johanna, Mohilla, Zanzibar,
Kutch, Somali, Turkish, Muskat, Persian
Gulf, Soor, and Makulla.
As a rule, large dhows when new do not
engage in the Slave Trade ; it is only when
a vessel has become worthless that she is
employed in this traffic, for the good reason,
that if she is captured the loss sustained
thereby is inconsiderable. There is little in
[410] N

About this item


This file contains correspondence between British officials regarding their attempts to monitor and prohibit slave traffic on the East Coast of Africa. The correspondence dates from March 1869 to October 1869.

Of particular interest are the following folios:

  • Folio 71 - French Government boat registration papers that had been given to 'Arab Dhows' allowing them to travel under the French flag.
  • Folio 73 - A chart entitled 'Memorandum of Number of Slaves landed and liberated at Aden, and how disposed of'.
  • Folio 74 - A copy of the Slave Trade Jurisdiction (Zanzibar) Bill, May 1869.
  • Folios 89-91 - 'A Memorandum by Mr. Churchill [Henry Adrian Churchill, Britain's Agent in Zanzibar] respecting Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa'.
Extent and format
1 volume (25 folios)

The file is arranged in rough chronological order, with the earliest correspondence at the beginning of the file and the latest at the end of the file.

Physical characteristics

Condition: contained within a bound volume that contains a number of other files.

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at f 67, and terminates at f 91, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 5-134; these numbers are written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Further Papers respecting the Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa and the System Pursued for its Suppression' [‎89r] (45/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B84, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 February 2020]

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