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'Memorandum on the Oil Concessions in the Arab Sheikhdoms' [‎6v] (12/18)

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The record is made up of 1 file (9 folios). It was created in 13 Mar 1944. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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- 2 -
of connecting the Hasa coast with Bahrein "by a pipe line io
facilitate transport of c;rude oil to the refinery from Hasa,
2« Koweit, The ril concession here was secured by the
Kuwait Oil Company in 1934. This is a British Company owned ^
equally "by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company anB. the Gulf
Exploration Ccnpany (iT.S.:.. )• Soon after obtaining their
cjncessi3n the Company started exploratory work and their first
wells were drilled in 193^. Early in 1939 they embarked on a
large development scheme but thij was cancelled on the outbreak
of war and they caatinued to drill with one rig only. They
have not yet reached the stage of producing oil. In July
1942 :nvin._ to the war situation, denial measures were
CDnsidered necessary and the Company were ordered by H.II.C, to
suspend drilling operations and plug all their wells with cement.
These restrictions have now been relaxed and the question of
re-starting operations is under consideration.
South of Koweit lies a considerable area known as the
Neutral Zone in whic' r.tn Saud anc the Sheildi of Koweit
enjoy e^ual rights u. .er the Coweit-IJejc Boundary Convention of 1922,
until such time as through the good- offices of H," i.G-, a further
agreement is made between the two Rulers. There is every
likelihood that oil will be found in the zone. In 1 939 the
California-Arabian Standard Oil Company signed an agreement
with the Saudi-Arabian Government under which theii oil
concession was extended to cover, int^r alia, Ibn oaud's rights
in the zone. There is- keen competition to secure a similar
agreement "^rLth the Sheikh between Ilessrs, Petrol Concessions
Limited, a -British Company already holding various oil concessions
in the ^rabian Peninsula, and the Eastern Gulf Oil Company which
althou h registered in the United Kingdom, is controlled by the sajup-
American i vterests as J "he Gulf Exploration Company, The Sheikh,
however, has consiston-cly refused to discuss the question of his
rights in the neutral -one with any would-be concessionaires, probably
because he hopes/

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This printed secret memorandum by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , dated 13 March 1944, concerns oil concessions in the Arab sheikhdoms of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. in the context of the United States of America's discussions on oil in the Middle East. The aim of the memorandum is to give an account of British interests, explain British relations with the rulers of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. states and British policy more generally, and describes various oil concessions that have been granted in these states.

The memorandum, which is signed with the initials 'F.A.K.H' of the External Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , consists of six sections: 'The Geographical Situation and Treaty position of the Sheikhdoms', including Koweit [Kuwait], Bahrein [Bahrain], Qatar, 'The seven petty Sheikhdoms of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ', and Muscat; 'Strategic importance of the Sheikhdom'; 'The nature of our relations with the Rulers and the importance of maintaining our present exclusive position'; 'Oil Concessions in the Gulf'; ' HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. 's interests in the oil concessions'; and 'US interests in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. '.

This first section of the memorandum is followed by an appendix entitled 'Details of the Oil Concessions granted in the Arab Sheikhdoms of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ' (folios 6-9) and is divided into sections covering Bahrain, Kuwait, Dubai, Sharjah, Kalba, Ras-al-Khaimah [Ras al-Khaymah], Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Umm al Quwaim [Umm al-Qaywayn], Qatar, and Muscat.

Extent and format
1 file (9 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 1 and terminates at folio 9, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The item also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Oil Concessions in the Arab Sheikhdoms' [‎6v] (12/18), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B478, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023882736.0x00000d> [accessed 5 December 2019]

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