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'33 File 665 Hostilities between Shaikh Zaid and Shaikh Jasim' [‎301v] (637/845)

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The record is made up of 3 volumes (404 folios). It was created in Mar 1888-9 Jun 1890. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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No. 47, dated Busliire, the 8th March 1889.
From —C olonel E. C. R oss, c.s.i ., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Secretary to the Government o£ India, Foreign Department, Calcutta.
I enclose translations of reports received from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent at
No. is. dated 19th February is89. Sharsali corroborating the accounts re-
No. 19, dated 19th February 1889. ceived from Bahrain of the barbarities
committed by the orders of Shaikh Jasim Bin Mohamed Thani during his recent
expedition.
No. 18, dated the 19th February 1889.
From—The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Shargah.
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
After Compliments. —On the 15th Eehraary Sheikh Zaeed Bin Khaleefa
Chief of Abu Dhabee and Shaikh Rashid Bin Maktum, .Chief of Debay met at
Khor Ghanaza to consult. It was agreed that on the 25th February the Chief
of Debay with the A1 Bu Filasa and all their camel-men and horsemen should
go to Sameh, and there meet the Chief of Abu Dhabee with his sons and
relations and the A1 Bu Filah with all their camel-men and horseman; and
that the two chiefs should collect all their Bedouins and proceed to' Guttar.
The people of Abu Dhahee are making preparations to go, and are buying
munitions of war, provisions and camels; and there are now ready at Abu
Dhahee 2,000 Abu Dhabee and Leeva horsemen. 'Jhese people are very
enraged with Sheikh Jasim Bin Thani for having killed women and children.
The people of Ahu Dhabee blame Sheikh Zaeed for having withdrawn men
from Leeva to Abu Dhabee. It seems clear to me that Sheikh Zaeed's intention
is not to return from Guttar until he has taken revenge, or he and all the men
with him are killed. This is a most difficult matter.
I have heard that in a short time 5,000 horsemen will be collected at
Ahu Dhahee. Sheikh Zaeed does not wish to take with him any men on foot.
He has given notice to all the chiefs of the Beni Ghafir to aid him, and has
told them that if they fail to do so, he will not interfere if they have trouble
with the Manaseer hereafter. I report what I have heard.
No. 19, dated the 19th February 1889.
From—The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Shargah,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
After Compliments. —"When I arrived at Abu Dhabee, I enquired the par
ticulars of Sheikh Jasim Bin Thani's attack on Ghafra. Two of the A1 Mazari,
Juma' Bin Saif and Khalaf Bin Ghais, were at Ghafra, and Humeyd Bin Mana'
Mansuri spared them and let them go. These two men say that when Sheikh Jasim
approached the fort called " Khanur " the fight began, and many on Jasim's side
were killed and pounded. There were in the fort SO men of Leeva, viz., old men
and the people who look after the date trees, for the Chief of Abu Dhahee had
withdrawn all the fighting-men from Leeva to Abu Dhabee. Humeyd Bin
Mana Mansuri came up to the fort, and called out that Sheikh Jasim would
spare any Manaseer who were inside, and who would come out: thereupon 30
men of the AJ. Majari went out, and these had no gunpowder or bullets, and
they said that they were Manaseer, and Humeyd did not know that they were
not so. Afterwards the Beni Ha jar went to Jasim and asked him to spare the
rest of the people in the fort, hut Jasim got very angry and said that he had
spent much money in getting there, and since his arrival one had asked him to
spare some, and another had asked him to spare others. He then ordered the
people of Guttar to attack the fort at once, and the Beni Hajar and other
isedoums did so, and making a breach in the wall of the fort, entered it, and

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Content

The volume contains memos, reports and correspondence exchanged between the British officials in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and his Agents at Sharjah and Bahrein [Bahrain], the Ruler of Katr [Qatar], Shaikh Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī, and the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, Shaikh Zayid bin Khalīfah, discussing hostilities between the two rulers, occurring between 1888 and 1889. The hostilities were initially due to the dispute on the sovereignty over Al Udaid [’Odaid, Qatar] considered to be Abu Dhabi property, and provoked attacks and raids. The main events dealt with in the volume are the attack of Bedouin from Abu Dhabi on Al Bida [Qatar] during which twenty-four men were killed including Ali, Shaikh Jasim's son, and the subsequent Qatari attack to Dhafrah [Abu Dhabi].

The volume also contains copious letters in Arabic (with English translations) sent to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. at Bushire by local rulers.

Extent and format
3 volumes (404 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically, from the earliest letter in the file at the front to the most recent letter in the file at the back.

Physical characteristics

Condition: three bound volumes.

Foliation: The foliation sequence runs through three volumes as a single continuous series. It commences at the title page of volume one with 1, 1A and 1B, and terminates at the last folio of volume three with 402; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'33 File 665 Hostilities between Shaikh Zaid and Shaikh Jasim' [‎301v] (637/845), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/189, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023939620.0x000025> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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