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'33 File 665 Hostilities between Shaikh Zaid and Shaikh Jasim' [‎303v] (641/845)

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The record is made up of 3 volumes (404 folios). It was created in Mar 1888-9 Jun 1890. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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No, 43, dated the 13th March 1889.
„ From—The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Bahrain,
To—The Polilioal Resident, Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
After Compliments. —Muharned Bin. Abdul W all fib says tbat, Altliough
Jasira bin Tliani is not acting like a wise man lie bns ^ood luck; that wben he
went to Loeva and Gliafra, how did he act ? Would any wise man act m that
manner ? That Jasira had 400 or 50 ) men with him, and that when he arrived
there, all his men were much fatigued, and th it if 200 or 800 men had attack
ed them then, thev could Irtve killed them all. That Jasim has his set pm-
pose and is reckless of all else : his sole desire is to take revenge on Zaeedin any
•way, by land or by sex, even going so far as to be prepared to act in opposition
to the British BepVesentative, and incase of necessity retire towards Nejd, that
he (Mohamed Bin Abdul Wahab) had advised Jasim to change all his money
into notes, takirg care that they did not get wet, but that he does not know
whether Jasim has done so, or will do so.
Jasitn has now abandoned everything else, and only wishes to attack Zaeed
with the help of the people of Guttaivhe intends to meet Zaeed at a distance of
two days' journey from El-Bida, and has made preparations, there for that pur
pose, and has arranged many ambushes on the road. He also has sent spies to
Al-Salato ascertain whether any provisions have arrived there for Zaeed. I hear
that the people of Guttar disapprove of what Jasim is doing, but are afraid to
say anything.
A Turkish official told me that the Commandant of the Turkish soldiers has
complained to El-hasa and Busrah that Jasim has ruined the place by these
hostilities, and that he cannot get food for his men in the Bazaar; for all the
men of the place are engaged in constructing towers and fortiiications.
No. 73, dated Bushire, the 30th March 1889.
Prom—Colonel E. C. Ross, c s.i., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Pers'an Gulf,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department, Simla.
I have the honor to forward a translation of the marginally noted report
from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Bahrain, relat-
ifo, 48. dated istb Man* 1889. ing to thc affairs of El-Katr.
No. 48, dated the 19th March 1889.
From—The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Bahrain,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
Jfter Compliments. —Arrivals from El-Bida give conflicting reports, some
say th it Jasim's spies saw Zaeed's land sentries and immediately came and
reported the fact to. Jasim, who came to El-Bida, and having assembled all the
men there distributed arms and ammunition amongst them ; that the men
numbered over 2,000, and Jasim went with them to a place called Misemir
(where there is water) between Al-Wakra and El-Bida, '
Others say that Zaeed-bin-Khalifah has reached Al-Sala ; others again, that
Jasim has received a letter from Shargah. in which he is informed that Sheikh
Zaeed had left and was on his way with the Chief of Debay to attack Guttar.
It may be that the Chief of Shargah sent this letter, for I hear that he is not
friendly towards Zaeed. It is said that R ishid-bin M iktum. Chief of Debay,
has announced to Jasim that he will not act in alliance with him, to which Jasim
replied " who and what are you." The Kazi of Guttar, having b( ea relieved of his
post, arrived here to-day, and he says that Guttar is in a most disquieted state,
that the people are in srreat fear : and that when Zaeed comes, the Turkish
soldiers will only guard the water at Na'ija. That there is new no ill-feeling
between Jasim and the Turkish soldiers, but that Jasim is always tr 'acherous.
I have heard that when Jasim was going to Leeva and Ghafra, h 5 gave some
money to the Commandant of the Turkish soldiers, and asked him to let him
X6

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Content

The volume contains memos, reports and correspondence exchanged between the British officials in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and his Agents at Sharjah and Bahrein [Bahrain], the Ruler of Katr [Qatar], Shaikh Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī, and the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, Shaikh Zayid bin Khalīfah, discussing hostilities between the two rulers, occurring between 1888 and 1889. The hostilities were initially due to the dispute on the sovereignty over Al Udaid [’Odaid, Qatar] considered to be Abu Dhabi property, and provoked attacks and raids. The main events dealt with in the volume are the attack of Bedouin from Abu Dhabi on Al Bida [Qatar] during which twenty-four men were killed including Ali, Shaikh Jasim's son, and the subsequent Qatari attack to Dhafrah [Abu Dhabi].

The volume also contains copious letters in Arabic (with English translations) sent to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. at Bushire by local rulers.

Extent and format
3 volumes (404 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically, from the earliest letter in the file at the front to the most recent letter in the file at the back.

Physical characteristics

Condition: three bound volumes.

Foliation: The foliation sequence runs through three volumes as a single continuous series. It commences at the title page of volume one with 1, 1A and 1B, and terminates at the last folio of volume three with 402; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'33 File 665 Hostilities between Shaikh Zaid and Shaikh Jasim' [‎303v] (641/845), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/189, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023939620.0x000029> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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