Skip to item: of 578
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎16] (33/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

In 1878 Persia and Turkey settled a special tobacco tariff * renewable
every ten years: and signed an agreement t respecting sanitary regula
tions to be observed by Persian pilgrims.
In 1877 the continued advance of the Russian troops on the east coast
of the Caspian Sea caused the Turkmans of Merv and Akhal to consider
whether it would be for their advantage that the nominal sovereignty,
which Persia had claimed over them for many years, should become more
definite, or whether it would be more prudent to declare allegiance to
Russia. In 1878 some Chiefs of the Tekke Turkmans of Merv visited
Tehran and made an agreement with the Shah, by w r hich they promised
allegiance to Persia; but the agreement was set aside on their return
to Merv. In the same year the Russians advanced on the Akhal territory
formerly claimed by Persia, and continued their advance in the following-
year. In 1880 the Tekke Turkmans of Merv again sent a deputation
to Tehran; but this led to no result, as one of the conditions of their
admitting allegiance to Persia was that the fertile lands of Sarakhs
should be assigned to them if they eventually decided to abandon Merv.
In the meanwhile the Turkmans of the Akhal district had gained tem
porary successes against the Russians; but in 1881 General Skobeleff took
Geok lapih and occupied the Persian Ataks of Daraghaz and Kalat-i-
Nadiri. This led to the signing of the Akhal-Khorasan boundary
convention^ by which the Russo-Persian frontier from the Caspian Sea
to Baba Durmaz was defined, although the actual demarcation by the
Russian and Persian commissioners was not completed till 1885. By
the Convention of 1881 the agreement entered into in 1869, by which the
river Atrak -was to form the boundary between the two countries, was
In 1880 a protocol was signed between Great Britain and Russia
regarding the territory of Kotaur, in accordance with the 60th article
of the Treaty of Berlin, by which the lands in dispute were declared to
belong to Persia and were therefore evacuated by the Turkish troops.
In the same year a Kurdish tribe, under a certain Shaikh Obaidulla,
made an incursion over the Turko-Persian frontier and ravaged certain
eisian \illages. In 1881-82, on the Persian Government making urgent
representations to the Porte, measures were taken to prevent the recur
rence of these inroads, and the Shaikh was captured and banished to
In 1882 a second slave-trade Convention (No. XIX) was signed
between Great Britain and Persia, abrogating the Convention of 1851,
giving British cruisers the right to search Persian vessels, and making
* Appendix No. XVII.
t Appendix No. XVIII.
7 Appendix No. XIX.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎16] (33/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [&lrm;16] (33/578)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image