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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎34] (51/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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British Minister at Tehran was, under article 6 of the Treaty of 1857,
instructed to offer British arbitration on the question of the sovereignty
and boundaries of the whole of Sistan on both sides of the river Helmand,
on the basis of ancient right and present possession. The Shah even
tually agreed that commissioners on the part of the British Government,
Persia and Afghanistan, respectively, should meet in Sistan, where the
two latter were to state and substantiate their claims; that, if local
enquiry should be necessary, the commissioners were to proceed to any
point for that purpose and make a map of the districts; that, when the
British Commissioner considered that nothing further could be done on
the spot, the commissioners should proceed to Tehran, where the subject
would be fully discussed with a view to its settlement, and the British
Commissioner would state his opinion as arbitrator; and that, should
either the Persian or Afghan Government not agree to this opinion,
reference should be made to the British Government, whose decision
should be final and binding on both Governments. Accordingly, after
some delay caused by the troubles in Afghanistan consequent on Muham
mad Yakub Khan’s rebellion, the commissioners met on the frontier
early in 1872, and the opinion of General Goldsmid, the British Com
missioner, was delivered in the following August (see Part II, Afghanis
tan). An appeal was preferred by the Persian Government, but even
tually the decision of General Goldsmid was accepted unconditionally by
the Shah and confirmed by the British Government.
In the winter of 1872 the petty Chiefs occupying the Persian portion
of Sistan combined against the authority of the Persian Governor, Mir
Alam Khan of Kain, and compelled him to retire from the country. As
their grievances were ascertained to be real, Mir Alam Khan was replaced
by another Governor; he was, however, re-appointed in December 1874
and letained the post until his death in 1891. He was succeeded by
his eldest son Ali Akbar Khan with the title of Hashmat-ul-Mulk (sub
sequently altered to TIisam-ud-Daulah) as Governor of Sistan, while the
Governorship of the Kainat was given to the younger son Ismail Khan
with the title of Shaukat-ul-Mulk. The Governorship of Sistan and the
Kainat thus became separate and have remained so ever since. All
appointments to the Governorships have however hitherto remained in
the same family.
Ihe establishment by Russia of a Consulate in Sistan in 1899 was
followed m 1900 by the appointment of a British Consul in Sistan and
Ka m with a view to the promotion of trade via the newly-opened Nushki-
Sistan route, and the improvement of British relations with the local
Persian authorities.
In 1902, owing to strained relations between Persia and Afghanistan
regarding the boundary in Sistan and the division of the water of the
Helmand river, the Persian Government applied to the British Govern-

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎34] (51/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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