Skip to item: of 578
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎204] (221/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

slain. The death of Fateh Khan roused the vengeance of the Barakzai
clan. Dost Muhammad Khan, one of the youngest of the twenty
brothers of Fateh Khan, was foremost in avenging his murder. Shall
Mahmud was driven from all his. dominions except Herat, and the whole
of Afghanistan was parcelled out among the Barakzai brothers. In the
confusion consequent on this revolution Balkh was seized by the Chief
of Bokhara, the Derajat by Banjit Singh, and the outlying province of
Sind assumed independence. In the partition of Afghanistan, Ghazni
fell to the share of Dost Muhammad, but he soon established his supre
macy at Kabul also, and thus became the most powerful of the Barakzai
Sardars. His half-brother, Kohandil Khan, ruled conjointly with his
brothers in virtual independence at Kandahar, while other districts
had fallen to other sons of Paindah Khan Barakzai.
Shah Kamran, the son of Mahmud, managed to maintain a precarious
footing at Herat. He was the last remaining representative of the
Sadozai princes in Afghanistan. Kamran was cruel and dissipated, and
entirely ruled by his minister, Yar Muhammad Khan Alakozai.
Shah Shuja had still a strong party in Kabul, and never lost hope of
recovering his kingdom. With this view he concluded a treaty with
Banjit Singh m 1833, marched through Sind, where he defeated the
Amir, and advanced on Kandahar, which he temporarily occupied.
Heie, houevei, lie was signally defeated by Dost Muhammad, and again
fled to his asylum at Ludhiana. During the distractions which followed
on these events, Banjit Singh possessed himself of the valley of
Peshawar. Boused by the aggressions of the Sikhs, Dost Muhammad
resolved on declaring a religious war on them. He assumed the title of
Amir-ul-Mummin and called on all true followers of Muhammad to
jom m his expedition. With an immense army he advanced to the
es aval wdle^ , but Banjit Singh sowed treason in the camp and the
army melted away. Thus Peshawar was lost to the Amir.
It had long been the policy of the British Government to raise a
miner m Persia to the invasion of India by France or Bussia from
T j ’Y* 11 no nieans been spared to increase the influence of the
is i a e couit of lehran. By her conquests in the north, however,
resulting m the treaty* of Turkmanchai m 1828, Bussia was enabled
1 ^ a ^ f ’ ei1 anc y in 1 ersia, which she employed to encourage the
claims of the Shah to sovereignty over Herat and western Afghanistan.
In November 1837 Muhammad Shah, King of Persia, laid siege to
mat, m pursuance of Ins ambitious policy for the re-conquest of
vj a f 11 an ' ," as on occasion that Herat sustained the memo-
^r 11 " Sleg6, and a11 the efforts of the Shah to capture it,
aided by the advice and direction of Bu ssian officers, were defeated.
* See Part I, Persia—Appendix No. VIT.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎204] (221/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [&lrm;204] (221/578)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image