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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎210] (227/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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210
AFGHANISTAN.
bound by Article 6 of the Treaty of 1857 (see Part I, Persia, No. XYIIl)
not to take up arms against Afghanistan without first inviting the
friendly offices of the British Government, the effect of this refusal to
interfere was to authorise an appeal to arms. Since then the Persians
had occupied a considerable portion of Sistan. Consequently distur
bances and raids on both sides of the border took place, which were
most injurious to the prosperity of the country and to the subjects of
both the claimants inhabiting the neighbouring provinces. At length
both Governments agreed to refer the question of the sovereignty and
boundaries of the whole of Sistan on both sides of the river Helmand
to the arbitration of the British Government, on the understanding that
both ancient right and recent possession were to be taken into considera
tion. It was also agreed that the final decision of the British Govern
ment should be binding on both parties.
Accordingly, in the spring of 1872, commissioners on behalf of the
paities concerned and the British Government assembled in Sistan,
examined the lands in dispute, and heard the evidence produced on both
sides. An award* was finally pronounced by Major-General Goldsmid,
the chief of the mission, which, after some demur, was eventually ac
cepted by Persia and Afghanistan and confirmed bv the British Govern
ment (see Part I, Persia).
From this period the relations between Amir Sher Ali and the
British Government became gradually more and more cold and con
strained. In the course of 1878 matters came to a crisis. In July of
that year a Russian mission was honourably received in Kabul. The
o\eminent of India thought it necessary to insist upon a similar recep-
ion emg acioided to a British mission, and preparations were accord-
in& p Hiade foi the despatch of a party of British and Indian officers of
rank; but on the 21st September 1878, by the Amir’s orders, his officers
a. Ah Masjid refused to allow the British envoy to travel through the
Khyber Pass. e
* The substance of General Goldsmid’s arbitral award is as follows: —
frjfouKe 104 Tfb ‘W' 0 " ?he P £rt of Nad
k h e & d VST
fror^rer n? !he b hiIk f A 10ll " da + r ^ °j Persian Sistan; and that the line of
within the Afehin lindi ^11 S +- 11 de l Ser , t ? hould he 80 drawn as to include
imwards the Ma»\ Si aU , cuItu :f mi on both banks of the river from the bund
Jvirman desert ume u imr ? Y^ 11 . c ^ ain .of hills separating the Sistan from the
Inn of f m i afitt »»g Point; that north of Sistan the southern
ncrt'cross b The' H^nufn towards Lash Jawain; that Persia should
or cross tne Mamun in that direction, her possession beino- clearly defined bv a
ue to be drawn trom the Xaizar to the Koh Siah hill near Bandan • fin illv that
no works were to be carried out on either side calculated to interVere witii the
requisite supply of water for irrigation on both banks of the Helmand.

About this item

Content

The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎210] (227/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023947391.0x00001c> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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