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‘Memorandum respecting the frontier between Mohammerah and Turkey.’ [‎28v] (56/82)

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The record is made up of 1 file (41 folios, 5 maps). It was created in 3 Apr 1912. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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landowner, and much of his property is in
Turkey ; but it seems most undesirable that His
Majesty's Government should encourage him in
a policy of gradual territorial encroachment by
means of purchasing real estate.
It is, moreover, important to bear in mind
that the assurances conveyed in the " Explanatory
Note" were intended in part to guard against
an undue extension of Persian claims to the
Foreign Office,
April 8, 1912.
List of Appendices.
(A.)—British assurances to the Sheikh of Moharamerah.
(B.)—Protocol of December 1911 for proposed settlement of
the Turco-Persian frontier question.
(C.)—Extract from Layard's "Early Adventures."
(D.) —Rough notes by General Monteith on the Turco-Persian
(E.)—Observations by Major (afterwards Sir Henry) Rawlin-
son on a Persian memorandum relative to the situation
of the cities of Mohammerah aud Fellahieh.
(F.)—French and English translations of the Treaty of
Erzeroum (1847) by Mr. Redhouse.
(G.)—Despatch from Sir Stratford Canning showing his view
of the assurances in the " Explanatory Note."
(H.)—De?patch, dated July 1850, from Lord Palmerston to
Her Majesty's Ambassador at St. Petersburgh re
viewing the whole situation.
Note .—A collection of treaties, with a full account of the
" Explanatory Note," is in course of preparation.

About this item


The memorandum concerns the border between Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and Turkey, and was prepared by Alwyn Parker of the Foreign Office. There are a number of labels at the top of the first page: ‘Persia’, ‘Confidential’ and ‘Section 10’. The memorandum sections are as follows:

  • Part I. A preface (folios 1-5), introducing the points at issue, with two maps, the first being a sketch map of the Mohammerah district, with the proposed Turkish, Persian and mediating commissioner’s lines indicated (folio 2), and a map compiled from plane table surveys by Lieutenant Arnold Talbot Wilson in 1909, with the frontier as defined by the mediating commissioners in 1850 (folio 4);
  • Part II. An historical summary (folios 6-19) of British Government correspondence relating to the border dispute, with the chief focus being on correspondence exchanged during the period 1843-52, around the time of the Treaty of Erzeroum (c.1848). This part contains two copies of a map, a facsimile of a diagram of the disputed area, the original of which was enclosed by Colonel Williams in his despatch of 4 February 1850, indicating Turkish and Persian claims and the mediating commissioner’s proposal (folios 15, 19);
  • Part III. Conclusion (folios 20-28), with a further map (folio 23), an exact copy of that found on folio 4.

The appendices that follow are:

  • A: British assurances given to the Shaikh of Mohammerah, 1899 and 1902-10;
  • B. Protocol of December 1911 (in French) for the proposal settlement of the Turco-Persian frontier question;
  • C. An extract from Sir Austen Henry Layard’s Early Adventures in Persia, Susiana, and Babylonia , published in 1887. The extract is from volume 2, pp 431-439;
  • D. Rough notes made by General William Monteith when in Persia, on the frontier of Turkey and Persia, as communicated to the Foreign Office in 1843;
  • E. Observations by Sir Henry Rawlinson on a Persian memorandum relative to the situation of the cities of Mohammerah and Fellahiah [Fallāḥīyah], 1844;
  • F. Text of the Treaty of Erzeroum, 31 May 1847, in English and French translation;
  • G. Copy of a despatch from Sir Stratford Canning, the British Ambassador to Istanbul, to Lord Palmerston, Foreign Secretary, dated 30 May 1850;
  • H. Copy of a despatch from Lord Palmerston to Lord Broomfield, dated 12 July 1850.
Extent and format
1 file (41 folios, 5 maps)

The memorandum is arranged into three parts, labelled I, II and III, which are followed by eight lettered appendices, A-H. Historic correspondence referred to in the memorandum is referenced in the inside page margin.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘Memorandum respecting the frontier between Mohammerah and Turkey.’ [‎28v] (56/82), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B380, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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