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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 21— contd.
AstRABAB to T ehran via Sari, Allah ad, Sfiirga, Firuzhuh and Sullanaladi
D istances
in miles.
R emarks.
Names of stages.
Gaduk, 12f miles, old sarai of Shah Abbas and
halting place for caravans.
Two miles below sarai at Turut, a track
branches off to Samnan.
From Guduk to Firuzkuh over exposed plateau,
where in summer good grazing is found for the
Shah's mares. Eoad good throughout. Supplies
Gradual descent for 7 miles to where Ghazan
Chai river is fordable. Ford easy, gravel
bottom llf miles, long ascent to pass 6,790
feet, 13J miles encamping ground and sarai
at Ab-i-Barik, where there is a small amount
of cultivation, 6,740 feet. At 221- miles, road
crossed Dalai Chai stream flowing east* by stone
bridge; 30J miles, village of Sultanabad. Et*
cellent highway throughout. The mountains
afford some grazing for mules and good grazing
camels. Supplies available.
22 J
Well cultivated valley and succession of small
villages, remarkable for their fruit culture, to
the village of Aina Verzan, 11^ miles. Hills
bare, except for camel bushes. 17 miles, long
strip of cultivation on south side of valley.
22^ miles Jafarabad. The road is excellent
throughout, but valley is barren and water scarce
f^om Aina Verzan.
J ajieud R ivee
At J mile road parses through the fertile villages
of Iliyar. Water plentiful. At 1| miles broad
track branches south to Veramin. At 13 miles
road continues through low clay ridges to sarai
of Siaman. Good but uninteresing road to
Jajirud River. Tillage aiid sarai supplies.
* NoTB.-Route 393, P. Gazetteer, makes Tehran to Jajirud 15 miles. This is incorrect. I think Persians call
St 6 farsakhs.
Further, it is not the main road for caravans and is rarely taken, except hy traveliers and caravans having
business with Demarend.
Notes on the road from Astrabad to.Tehran, vid Bandar-Gaz, Aliahad, Shirgah, Firhzkuh and Sultanahad by
Colonel Picot,
The first portion of the road along- the Caspian td Aliabad is so well known that no further description i«
iiecessary; I shall confine my remarks, therefore, to that portion lying between Aliabad and learar, tormTng, as
it does, the greater section of one of the chief caravan roads from the sea, i.e., from Masnaa-i-bar lenran. it is
considered one of the easiest roads to the sea and may be divided into three sections : —
(1) That of the plains from the sea to Haftan (7 miles taorth of Shirgah).
(2) That of the mountains from Haftan to Piruzkuh,
(3) That of the foot-hills from Furuzkuh to Tehran*

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎39r] (82/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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