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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎99r] (202/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 79— conoid.
Isfahatst to Kakmanshah, via KuUy Hissar, Daolatalad, Kangaioar and
D istanchs
in miles.
Names of stages.
E bmaeks.
Daolitabad ...
A large and civilised town with telegraph-office,
etc., in a fertile and well watered valley. The
road to it goes through open country across one
or two ridges. From Daolatabad there is a
gun-road to Hamadan.
Level plains interspersed bj rocky hills. The
plain fertile with many villages, but from the
15th to 25th mile it is liable to inundation. Pass
the caravansarai of Domb-i-Shater; then Eahim-
abad, and finally a steady pull uphill. Just
before reaching Parispa, cross the Halwand, a
rapid stream 20' wide, by a good bridge. The
village has about 150 houses, and stands amid
fertile fields.
Through the " Garm Sar," a park-like, English-
looking country. Kangawar is a pleasant little
S ahna
Over a mountain range by a well made road fit
for wheeled traffic, or at all events for guns.
The highest point 6,760'. The people here speak
Kurdi. Sahna is a thriving village of about 150
houses. Water from springs. Supplies obtain
Gradual descent. A good brick bridge crosses the
river to Besitun, where there is a fine caravan
sarai. Water from streams.
Kabmanshah ...
Road over a flat plain at the base of the Paran
mountains. Before entering the town cross a
rapid river, 160 yards wide. Karmanshah is
a large city of 40,000 inhabitants-~Mc?e Index.
Connects with Section II.
N ote .—Mackenzie and Jones give slightly different stage#
between Kukh (Gulpaigan) and-Khuramabad, viz,-—
Khamieh m .
(Khomai P)
Country open, but hilly. Cross plain, ascend
mountain, and descend into plain. Water from
springs. Supplies in small quantities.
Country open, but hilly. Eoad undulating.
Water from springs.
Khusamabad ...
Country open. Eoad level, sometimes blocked
with snow. Water from springs and streams in
the open desert, or valley, or in the town. Sup
plies and fruit plentiful. Walled town.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎99r] (202/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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