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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎105v] (215/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. Sh—eontd.
Jajarm to Astrabad, via Naodeh* r ,
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
E emabks,
consisting of 50 houses. Supplies ample. Des
cent to Pursian 2,800'.
Cross Kanchi glen and spur of opposite hill,
and at 1 mile strike Naodeh stream and beau
W. } Khushailak Peak, bearing S. S. W, Val
ley open and cultivated. Koad narrow and
stony along right bank. At 11 miles across
small stream of Alaru from village Abri, at head
of a glen in mountains to left. Thence valley
narrows and bends, N. banks of stream high,
and covered with heavy forest of oak, elm,
alder, and other deciduous trees. Forest-clad
slopes of mountains on either hand, reach banks
of stream. At 17 miles valley again opens
out to 1J or 2 miles in width, and is cleared
and cultivated. Keeping left side of valley,
at 19 miles reach village Naodeh, 50 houses.
Supplies ample. Between Naodeh and the Gur-
gan plain, a few isolated hills, and 4 or 5 miles
of dense forest and cane-brake intervene. The
forest is traversed only by narrow winding paths f
Between Kanchi and Naodeh some labour would
have to be expended in clearing a road through
the 6 miles of forest that must be traversed, but
the route presents no other difficulties. •
covering deserted
At 2
W. S. W. from Naodeh through dense thickets
of underwood and scrub,
clearings. Path narrow and
miles enter heavy forest, free of undergrowth.
At 9 miles reach foot of wooded spur, ascent and
descent of half a mile very steep. Thence through
open forest W. into glen of Eamian, a large
village of 21)0 houses, in a gorge opening on the
Gurgan plain, but separated from it by some
miles of forest and cane-brake.
W. from Eamian through scattered patches
forest and dense cane-brake. At 11J miles reach
Findarisk, chief village of the district, of 1,000
houses, with surrounding hamlets, lying near
the edge of the submontane belt of forest. From
Findarisk to Naodeh there is a direct road, shorter
and easier, but crossing for some distance the
open plain. The Ramian route is only selected
for safety. From Findarisk bear W. S, W.
and at 14 miles pass Maintain in the forest
on the edge of the plain. At 15^ miles cross
small stream Udaruah from hills left. Dar
Kala, 200 houses, half mile left. Country open

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎105v] (215/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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