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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎112r] (228/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. Qis—c
lat ,at-i.nadiri to B ajgirha ( P ersian), vid ChapaMu Muhammadalad.
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
j Total.
e h MASKS.
Rise in this march about 280'. Charam village
, contains some eighty families of Shad Anlu Kurds.
Water good from the stream. Supplies proem-
? t _ A roa( i leads down over the mountains
from Kamaz-i-Pirzam to Charam, but is very bad
and said to be almost impassable for animals.
The telegraph line follows the direct or upper road
which is only some 6 Or 7 miles in length, but all
up and down and bad for laden mules.
Tne lower road follows the Charam stream for 5
miles down to its junction with the 8ina stream
WW,+-T J ^ Arollen san, a descent of some
1,000 teet, and thence crossing a couple of ridges
reaches the banks of the Igdalik stream at about
the eighth mile and follows it up, past the village
ot bultanabad, to the camp at Igdalik, which
stands some 700 feet below that at Charam
J -he vilkge contains about 50 families of Kurds
and Turks. The latter came, they say, originally
fiom Lunstan and are known by the name of
The road up the Khakistar nullah to Lain is so steep
and bad that it is best to keep outside the moun
tains with mules, instead of going to take the
lower road to Eobat-i-Khakistar. The direct
load follows the telegraph line, but round lower
down, distance 6 miles.
The rohat, now an old ruin, stands on the banks
on the Lain stream, here flowing stronslv and
some 10 or 12 feet broad and a foot in depth, and
is situated just at the junction with the Lain
stream of the Khakistar nullah.
A hilly road with steep ascents and descents. The
ymage here at present deserted, and it is onlv
inhabited m the winter months when the Imn
people bring down their flocks and herds and live
here for the greater warmth. The Kalat district
ends here. Nothing but grain procurable. Water
good in a stream from the hills.
Shams Khan
The road leads over a couple of ascents and descents,
and then strikes a long narrow valley in the Chul'
down which it runs, following the telegraph line

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎112r] (228/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 February 2020]

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