Skip to item: of 739
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎112v] (229/739)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

No. 94— contd.
K alat -1- N adiri to B ajgirha (P ersian), MuhawMatahaA.
D istances
in miles.
K emabks .
Names of stages.
in a north-west direction till it joins the Rudbar
stream. The low hills here exactly resemble the
Chul of Badghis and tlie Maimana frontierwhich
have been so often described.
The village of Shams Khan stands on the banks of
the stream just above the junction with it of
the valley we came down. The village of Zan-
galanlu is said to be about a farsakh higher up
the stream which is said to take its rise, like the
Lain stream, in the Hazar Masjid hill.
According to the aneroid ascent nearly 1,000 feet
in this march. The weather very hot, thermo
meter averaging about 88° in the shade at 4 p.m.
The road leads up the valley of the Hudbar stream
for a mile or so and then follows the telegraph
line up a lateral valley to the right. At about the
6th mile the road divides.
The telegraph line follows the road to the right
running direct to Muhammad at ad, take that to
the left to Chapashlu. After crossing various
low ridges for some 5 or 6 miles, the road eventu
ally leads down on to the level of the Daragaz
plain at a place called Ispain, and some 4 miles
beyond that lies Chapashlu surrounded with
gardens and vineyards. ^
Chapashlu contains some 400 families of Turks
and Kurds.
Turki is the language spoken by all. . . .
The village possesses some H5 ploughs of irrigated
land and 200 ploughs of unirrigated. A plough
of irrigated land here is held to be land capable
of taking two Daragaz kharwars of seed, i.e.,
1,820 lbs. and the unirrigated land one kharwar.
The outturn of irrigated land here is about ten
fold, but that of unirrigated when there is a good
rainfall is said to range from 20 to 40 fold.
The road leads north through the gap in the line
of low hills that runs down the centre of the
Daragaz plain here known as Kirkhkiz, the Turki
for Chahel Dukhtaran, about 4 miles out.^ There
is a good deal of water here and the place is green
and has several water mills. Beyond this garden
vineyards commence and stretch right away to
Muhammadabad (Mahmudabad).
The descent in the march about 500 feet, and the
heat in the day great, thermometer in tents at
4 p.m . being 90 .
C hapashlu
M uhammadabad

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎112v] (229/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [&lrm;112v] (229/739)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src=" Eur F111_371_0227.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image