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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎121v] (247/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 102— contd.
K armanshah to T ehran, vm Besititn, Kangawar, fyc.
in" milbs.
E emaeks.
Names of stages.
Gradual descent into another flat valley. At
14 miles reacli village Jankar. Thence 4 miles
to Nauaj, a village of the Malair, with 300
Track ascends over a low spur, then descends to
the same stream-bed on which Nana] stands, to
village Kuzan 4 miles. Thence a double kotal
is reached, the first portion at 6 miles. Then
skirts a hill for 1 mile to the second kotal.
Thence drops gently to wide valley near village
Ganjab, at about 10 miles. Thence up another
valley to third, and last kotal at 13 miles.
Thence descends very gently into large flat valley
to Dizabad for 12 miles, turning slightly north
wards. At 20 miles a brick bridge, 120 yards
long, over the Ab-i^Sharon. Sarai close to
On leaving Dizabad, the road skirts the hills to
the east of it, and then goes on a straight level
alignment due east for 18 miles, along the north
ern limits of shale and mud hjlls visible all the
way south of the hills. The country seems deso
late, and but few villages are passed. In deep
winter, with 3' of snow, perhaps an un
favourable impression was gathered. At 6 and
7 miles two low spurs (rtinning south-east and
north-west) are passed, and the road then gently
descends into, and goes up a valley for 6 miles
to low mud kotal. Here a village, Jirya, is
passed on the right; a small dilapidated place,
Kala Muhammad, having been passed 1 mile
before. From the kotal the mad goes straight
for Saruk, 5J miles off. Road level.
Road descends into the dasht or high level plain
(so level and without a watercourse of any size
that it cannot be called a valley) of Farahan,
This dasht^ running north-west to south-east, at
least 40 miles long and averaging 8 miles wide,
is dotted about with numerous villages, of which
it is said to possess six hundred and sixty 6 SuK
tanabad is the chief town, where a Hakim (a
sub-governor) resides. This town is plainly
visible from Ahingaran, bearing 160°, and only
18 miles off. ^ The country is said to be all
under cultivation, and the numerous Jcanats cer
tainly bear evidence of the fact. The district
of iaharan is bounded on the north by a low
range of mud hills, two peaks of which, 30 miles

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎121v] (247/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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