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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎122r] (248/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 102—
K aumanshah to T ehran, via Besitnn,
D istances
i if miles.
Names of etages.
distant, are conspicuons; the conical one (not
the highest) is called Koh-i-Tafrish, and is a
good landmark. Up the valley a conspicuons
block of mud hills, the Kuh-i-Wafs (Wawaz in
I. D, map), bounds the district to the north-west,
and to the east and south the ranges of low
hills are also conspicuous, and clearly define the
SlAH washan...
The track leads north-east across the Faharan
district, Ihe first-half is still over cultivated
lands (now under 2' of snow); the second-
half is over barren undulations, with the very
marked watercourses running from north to
south. No sign of habitation or vegetation be
tween the hovels at Taziabad half-way and the
village of Siahwashan. At 6 miles a stream-
bed, 3' deep and 10' wide, now full of water,
running south. At 4 miles the road reached
its lowest elevation.
On leaving village, at once get into the lower slopes
and hills of range forming northern boundary of
the Farashaw dasht. Half-way track reaches
highest point, 1 mile further on it descends
rapidly to bed of a stream which eventually
passes through Jajirud. At 13 miles small vil
lage Delaghaj, at 15 Amareh, at 17 Goda,
At 20 miles track passes close to villaga Gir on
banks of the stream, followed for the last 8
Eoad passes through few mud spurs and hillocks ;
then at miles enters flat spurs, forming ex
panse towards Kum due east to Tajhatum.
Track follows valley of stream commencing at
Jajirnd. At 6 miles telegraph line from Kum to
Sultanabad is met near vines of Salian, whence
southerly direction. Six miles from Kum
crosses low spur. Halted in an excellent
The road (natural surface with' two trenches, 50
feet apart) leads- straight from Kum bridge in a
northerly direction.^ After the 4th mile it passes
over two slight ridges about a mile and a half
apart, the^space between being a stretch of stift
clay, making the passage a difficult one after rain

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎122r] (248/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 September 2019]

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