Skip to item: of 739
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎127v] (259/739)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

No. 109— concld.
Rui-Khaf to Gunabad (Jumain),
Names of stages.
D istances
descends this slope to the small village of ITalat,
whence it again ascends between rounded hills.
From the top of these, not far off, is the abrupt
jagged range of Kuh-i-Sinau. From this the
road passes through a small basin-shaped valley,
and then ascends by easy gradient to a valley s
whence the ridge is crossed at no very great
height. Thence the road descends for miles
over a stonyj steeply inclined plain to a perfectly
fiat steppe, on which are several villages, the
nearest of which is Asadabad.
The road goes over the same plajn as above to
Kasimabad and Susano on the left, after which
it begins to ascend along a watercourse towards
the Khaibar Kuh, and when this is neared, it
ascends more steeply into a rocky ravine with
numerous small trees, whence it crosses the
northern end of the Khaibar Kuh, by a not very
high pass. Thence it descends by a pretty steep
and rocky path to a ruined rohat without
water, passing by curiously shaped mountains
with mushroom-like tops, whence it descends more
gradually over a stony, sloping plain to a very
broad clay and sand tract into a thicket of about
3J miles broad. After passing through this,-
it goes over a very broad tract of clay, bare of
vegetation, overflowed in spring by the rain and
melted snow from the mountains, for 7 miles to
a haoz with no water. Thence the road goes
over a sandy clay tract, rising on the right into
hills of drift sand, towards the end of the Gissar
Kuh. Thence it goes over first a gravelly, then
stony, and at last sandy tract to some cultivated
ground to Naodpishan,
The road runs south west through hills of driven
sand to the large village of Bimurgh at miles.
It then ascends first over a dry plain along an
open watercourse, and then goes through a nar
row sandy valley among chains of hills, which
connect the mountains jon the right and left;
then over the ridge, whence it descends over a
broad, slightly inclined plain, highly irrigated and
cultivated, with villages thickly studded around.
Jumain is the principal one of a cluster of eight
villages which constitute the township of Guna*
This route is apparently taken from Khanikoff.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎127v] (259/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [&lrm;127v] (259/739)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src=" Eur F111_371_0257.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image