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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎130r] (264/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 114— conid.
KllAIllABAD to BujNUllD.
D istances
in miles.
B emases.
Names of stages.
lOtli mile, and then on by lower road to Yang ileal a,
which lies in a level valley some half mile broad.
Yangikala is the head-quarters of the KushJchana,
or north-west district of Kuchan, which comprises
all the villages, some 33 in number, stretching
along the Russian fronteir from Sarani on the
east to Ganfor on the west, and thence south
down to the Bujnurd border.
The village contains now 40 families of Kurds
from Firuza, to make room for whom the former
residents were turned out and sent elsewhere.
Had it not been for this, the Finiza people would
have left Kuchan territory altogether, and as it
was they were only returned with difficulty.
The character of the country has quite changed
here. Instead of the steep, rocky, and wooded
hills to the east of Sarani, we have open undulat
ing and cultivated upland country without a
tree in the place, except the few in the gardens
round the villages.
The road follows the banks of the Yangikala
stream, known here by the name of Kirmiz Kul,
to the village of Hisar at the 3rd mile, and
thence on down to Kala Ali Muhammad at the
6th mile.
At Ali Muhammad the road left the valley and
turned south over the hills with a gradual ascent,
but rather steep descent at the 12th mile.
Zirdukdi is the first village in the Takmaran valley
(not Takmaran plain, as marked on the map,
sheet No. 2), described as of large extent but
destitute of water, and the country certainly
looks it.
The water-supply of this village consists of only
one small spring of bad water, it is necessary to
send to a well about two miles to the west for
drinking water.
There are about 20 families of Kurds in the village,
which is under the Naib of Shirwan. Supplies
scarce. Temperature at 4 p.m . 82°.
The road leads down tbe slope for 3 miles to the
nullah in the centre of the valley, a descent of
some 400 feet. At the 2nd mile pass a heap of
stones by the roadside called Chil-i-Ogurlikhan,
which here marks the boundary between Kuchan

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎130r] (264/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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