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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎131v] (267/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 115— conid,
K haraiq (on the A trak) to the G urgan R iver, via Shahahad*
Names of stages.
D istastcbs
in miles.
D asht
Chaman-i-Bid the range is pretty thickly dotted
with them.
Chaman-i-Bid itself consists of a level open tract
at the top of the pass with a spring of water in
the centre. The village contains only three
families who have come here for cultivation.
The average rise is some 160 feet per mile
in the 12 miles from Shaharabad. Thermometer at
4 p.m . 59°.
Leading np the level Chaman-i-Bid plain for the
first 2 miles cross the watershed at Sangchil at a
height of some 200 feet above the spring, and
then commence a gradual descent of some 1,000
feet into the Karabil valley. For the first 4 or
5 miles road traverses the northern side of a, plain
that sloped away down to the south-east, and
finally, drains into Shaghan, the only thing
visible to break the monotony of its arid surface
being the small teppe or mound of Robat-i-Ashk
away in the distance to the south. The road
here runs west immediately under the Kurkhud
To the north of the Kurkhud hill, lay the Kastan
spring forming the source of the Fucha stream.
About half-way from Chaman-i-Bid a slight
descent is come to, and beyond that the plain
slopes westwards, finally draining into the
Dahana-i-Gurgan near Dasht. This plain is
known in its upper part as the Karabil valley.
Robat-i-Karabil consists of a small village'of ten
houses built near the ruins of an old stone robat.
The water-supply is scanty, but there are the ruins
of numerous old Jcanats all over the plain, which
doubtless could be opened out again, were people
and capital available.
Thermometer at 4 p.m . 57°.
On the map, it will be seen that between Kurkhud
and Dasht three places x are marked as villages on
the high road, viz., Ashchik, Karabil-Chalbash
and Chanda Abas. All these places are names
of hills, not of villages.
is evidently meant for Archakli, and the
hills in the range that runs west from Kurkhud
parallel to the road (not marked on the map) are
named Karabil, Chalbash, Archakli and Chund-i-
Abbas in succession.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎131v] (267/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 August 2019]

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