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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎135v] (275/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 120.
Khur Katn,
Authority- —napier, 1893.
Names of stages.
D istances
D ehm
Leave Khur. bearing 42°, and proceed np gentle
gravel slope to hills. The two high mountains
visible from Khur, the Kuh-i-Naiband and the
Kuh-i-Arababad, bearing 240° and 280° respec
tively, lying far away in the desert; they are
now capped with snow.
To right front, at 6 miles, bearing 260°, is the
Kuh-i-Kamar Zard, a red-coloured mountain from
which project spurs of a green slaty rock. To
left front, bearing 320° to 360°, is the Shikasta
Di war range. On neither side are the hills cover
ed with snow. Further again to the front
is the Kuh-i-Giron, bearing 115°.
Reach, at 8J miles, the entrance of a pass and pro
ceed up a river-bed down which flows a rapid
stream of brackish water. The ravine is narrow
and rocky; the heights on either side are low and
Ravine, at 9^ miles, widens somewhat; road winds
with the stream keeping a general direction of 60°,
past the small Kalata of 12 houses.
In front is a lofty range containing two main peaks,
the Kuh-i-Abkisht and the Kuh-i-Ark, covered
with snow. In the river-bed is plenty of tamarisk.
At 10J miles a dry watercourse on left coming in
from direction of a cone-shaped hill, the Kuh-i-
Balanjir, bearing 360°. Intervening country is
"broken up by undulating spurs. The shrubs here
are the ' 4 padam 5, a.nd « kask," the latter, a thorny
bush with pink buds just appearing.
Pass a small haoz at 15| miles containing water,
and continue up river-bed, now dry.
At 15f miles reach the neck which joins the Kuh-i-
Mizangur on left with the Kuh-i-Abkisht on
right, and wind up the sandy bed of watercourse,
on either side of which are red slaty rocks.
At 18 miles, level with the Kuh-i-Ark, bearing
125°. Here are a few stunted banna " trees.
On right is a green spur; behind it come a succes
sion of red spurs, then a yellow spur and lastly
the snow-covered Kuh-i-Ark, On left are streaks
of black, green and yellow, showing different
strata of rock and clay.
Reach top of neck at ISf miles,. Barometer 25-54";
thermometer 39°,
Road at 19^ miles descends; spurs on either side are
less rocky and are covered with pasture.
At 21^ miles follow down a dry watercourse.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎135v] (275/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 July 2020]

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