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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎144v] (293/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 129— concld.
Kushk valley to Turbat-i-Shekh Jam.
D istances
in miles.
B bmabks.
Names of stages.
spring of fresh water. The water in the Jam
river is said to be bad here. The river is full
of reeds and there is a deep deposit of mud which
makes it unfordable in most places.
A mibabad
Leave camp by a road bearing west.
2J miles, cross the Jam River by a ford.
miles, on the left are earth cliffs marking the
course of the river. On the right is rising
ground and beyond it a range of high hills, some
12 or 15 miles off apparently. In front is a
high hill bearing 270°. The soil is sandy but
the track is good going.
4i miles, pass an irrigation stream. On the right
bank of the river to the left and left front are
large settlements of Taimuri shepherds with
their black tents.
The ground at 6 mil^s humpy and undulating.
The river lies J mile off to the left.
7} miles, pass the first of a row of 4 forts about J
mile from each other under the hills to the right
which have appeared nearer the road than before.
At 8^ miles, pass a 3rd encampment of 44 black
tents" and a small newly-built village of
about 12 round mud huts inhabited.
At 9J miles, another similar camp on the right
and a village of about 20 huts inhabited.
At 10 miles are signs of old cultivation, and
now canals are being opened up.
10J miles, a village called Shahtabad, on the left
are two ruined forts and a few Turkoman towers.
Thft ground on the right is broken up by nullahs.
Reach an old fort and an inhabited village called
Amirabad, very dirty and squalid.
T cjebat-i-
S hekh J am.
Leaving Amirabad cross a 5-foot water-cut by
bridge at If miles.
Pass a small, inhabited hamlet. At 3| miles, on
the right, are a few ruined forts.
River Jam lies 1 mile to the left. Country flat, good
4f miles, pass a ruined Icarez. Here were about #
100 camels grazing, and a camp of nomads.
5^ miles, on the left beyond the river are more
ruined forts.
10| miles, ground broken by hillocks. Parallel with
the road is ruined Icarez,
At llf miles, pass a Turkoman Tower. Ground
much broken by nullahs about 14J miles.
Reach Turbat-i-Shekh Jam and camp on the west
of the town.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎144v] (293/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 September 2019]

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