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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎151r] (306/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 136.
M ashad to H erat, rid Sanglast, Far aim an, Bardo, MuJiarnmadabad
Turbat-i-Shekh Jam, Karez and Ghurian,
AidJiority — T aylor ; C lerk ; H ardy; and F errier.
D istances
in miles.
Names of stages.
T ubukh
Road capital ; soil alluvia]. Pass out of the
Idgah gato, and at 2 niles pass a reservoir ; at
3 miles is the small fortified village of Askarl
with a reservoir of indifferent water ; at 5 miles',
village of Turukh. Dead level all the way!
Direction to ^skari S. by E. Thence S. E*.
This place is a little off the road. Water good*
from watercourse. Supplies scanty. See Index.
South-east, 6| hours. Ferrier's distance is 21 miles.
Road level for 6 miles, then uudulating. Soil
alluvial with granite and quartz. Rejoin the high
road in half a mile, where are the ruins of a savai
and mosque ; pass remains of bridge on left over
dry bed of stream ; at 1| miles is a small fort with
blue dome in it off right. ^ At 24 miles, mud ruins
off left. At 5^ miles ruined well on right ; here
rocky range approaches the road. At 64 miles, cross
low ridge ; high precipitous rocks on right ; a
steep conical rock off left, with watch-tower. At
8^ miles, steep descent into valley with dry bed
of stream. ^ Presently is a cistern with indifferent
water on right. Hence to 13 miles, cross four
valleys with dry river-beds. At 14 miles, another
dry bed and ruined mill off left. At 16f miles
descend, cross a brackish stream and marsh, then
a steep ascent to high ground on which is fortifi
ed village of Sangbast. A large brick sarai
attached. Water bjackish in stream ; good in
kanats. Supplies scarce. See Index.
F aeaiman
South-east, 7f hours. Road level at extremities, very
undulating in the middle; soil alluvial. Go
round the low hills on left with mud watch-tower,
and descend into broad dry bed of river along
which the road runs for some distance, turning to
the right at the 3rd mile. At 7 miles ruins of
fort and village in plain on left. At 84 miles
enter defile among low hills, and cross a ridge ;
hence to 12 miles, several deep valleys and ravines!
At 11 miles, defile between rocky bluffs on left,
descend into plains with several towers of refuge.
Encamp south-east of the village. Water good
from a stream. Supplies procurable; large
flocks of sheep. Connects here with Route No.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎151r] (306/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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