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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎155r] (314/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. \Zl-~~contd.
M ash ad to H erat, fyc.
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
H immatabad ...
S HAHR- i -N ao ...
M ashad-i- R eza
There is a ruined fort in a very strong position,
high above the left bank of a stream, with steep
scarped sides. It is not commanded, and could
be made almost impregnable, and a short covered
way would enable the garrison to procure water
from over the clilf.
The road crosses numerous low but steep spurs to
the valley of Kala-i-Minar. The defile of this
valley affords a very strong position. The nor
thern entrance is almost completely shut up by
the hill through which it passes, and a few hours'
work here would render this one of the strongest
positions that could be found anywhere. The
ascent to the summit of the range is very easy,
through a picturesque valley with trees and
water, and bounded by rugged ridges of a red
stone. This valley, as indeed the whole way to
Shahr-i-Nao, affords the most splendid grazing
ground even in July, and for this reason it is
clearly the line that should be taken by the cav
alry of a force proceeding to the east, if other
things permitted. The defile of Kala-i-Minar is
certainly impracticable for artillery as it stands,
but it could easily be made practicable in a few
hours as the soil of the hill is soft. The summit
of the pass is called the Uardan-i-Kala-i-Minar,
It abounds in strong positions, and the road is
completely commanded by a very steep, rugged,
and impracticable ridge which runs along the
left the whole way. The descent is gradual to
the plain for about 8 miles, and is quite good
and practicable for artillery. From the foot of
the hills the road traverses an extensive plain
covered with thick scrub to the fortified village
of Himmatabad. There is, however, a suitable
spot for a camp at the foot of the hills, and in
deed watei: and fuel are procurable all along the
A good road. From Kala it leads down the
right bank of a small stream, partly through cul
tivation and partly through splendid pastureland.
The road traverses a waste with no water, no in
habitants ; a low ridge is crossed shortly after
leaving Shahr-i-Nao. Mashad-i-Reza is the name
of two villages about a mile apart, comprising,
one, a hundred, and tbe other about 60 bouses.
A fair supply of good water and plentiful cultiva

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎155r] (314/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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