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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎173r] (350/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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. No. 149—
M ashad to T ehran, via
Names of stages.
D istances
T ehean
At the foot of the hills the road turns W.S.W.
for 4 miles to Kishlak. This district produces
much corn, and is considered one of the gran
aries of Tehran.
Eoute W.N.W. across cultivation for a mile or so,
and then on to a gravelly pasture tract, gently
sloping up the hills in front.
In 1 hour and 50 minutes we entered the Sirdara
defile of the Kuh-i-Tuz (?) through a low ridge
of hills, that end on the plain a few miles to
the left. The defile is easy, with low hills on
either side. In 30 minutes came to the ruins of
a small mud fort in the centre of a basin in the
defile, and in 45 minutes more emerged from the
defile on to a wide plateau. A thin stream of no
depth, and crossed several times, flows N. and S.
through the central basin. The plateau to its N.
is green with pasture, and near the defile has a
good strip of corn cultivation; crossed it N.W.,
skirting low hills to right, and in 1 hour and 50
minutes came to a deep and rough boulder stream
ravine, on the farther bank of which stands Aiwan-
This is a flourishing village of 300 houses round a
fort, and is surrounded by gardens and vineyards,
'watered from a strong harez stream. To the S.
W. the country slopes down to the wide plain of
Yeramen (?).
Route W.N.W. by a good gravelly road over the
Veramen plain, skirting a hill range to the right,
over which towers the conical snow-clad peak of
In 3 hours and 25 minutes came to a bifurcation
of the road; that to the right hugs the hills, the
other goes on across the plains. Followed the
latter, and in 35 minutes, after crossing some
small Streams, came to Sharifabad on the right of
the road, and in 30 minutes more to Khusru on
the left. Beyond this crossed the wide, pebbly
bed of the Jajirud river, and in an hour and a
half reached Khatunabad.
Route N.W. by a winding road amongst, village^
cornfields and gardens. In 2 hours came to
Muhammadabad, at the foot of some bare, rocky
hills. Beyond this, following a stony hillskirt,
crossed a small ridge, and passing Aminabad, in
1 hour and 15 minutes came to Takiabad ;
thence through the ruins of Rhages or Rai, in
the midst of which stands the tomb of Shah
Abdul Azim. Beyond this the road goes N.
over undulating ground, and in 1 hour and 20
minutes reaches the Shah Abdul Azim Gate

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎173r] (350/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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