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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎174r] (352/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 150— conid.
Mastiad-i-Ghulaman to Kharaki, via, Muhammadalad,
D istances
in miles.
Names of stages.
After leaving the Pashun valley an ascent to the
top of another range, which is crossed at a height
of over 5,000 feet, and then a long descent of
some 6 miles to Yan Chashma, which consists of
nothing bnt a small spring in the side of the
hill, and is said to have been a favonrite resort of
Turkoman raiders in olden days. These ranges
of hills and valleys are all parallel, running west
hy north and east by south. The ground gradu
ally slopes to the west. The country looks bare
and brown, and can be ridden over anywhere.
The tops of the hills are covered with small, dry
grass, and the sides and ravines only are sprinkled
with bushes and small junipers.
Temperature at 4 p.m. 75°.
Road leads south-south-east down the valley of
the Jauriz stream till it joins the larger valley of
the Shirindarra stream coming down from Kat-
The village was built some 25 years ago by the
present Saham-ud-Dowlah and called after him.
It is walled all round and contains about 100
families of Razis, and is surrounded by a number
of gardens and vineyards. The id ana district
commences here.
Temperature at 4 p.m. 78°.
Road now in the valley of the Atrak, which is here
uninhabited, though cultivated in places by
people from Bashkala and other villages in Mana.
Road led for 4 miles down the western side of the
valley of the Shirindarra to its junction with the
Atrak, and thence for the remaining 6 miles
westward along the northern side of the Atrak
valley. There is no village of Mana as marked
in the map (Sheet No. 2), the name applying to
the district or valley in general.
Gazabad is simply a name for some ground covered
with low tamarisk opposite the ruins of an old
village named Zulmabad on the other side of the
Temperature at 4 p.m. 84°.
The river runs between steep banks, some 20 feet
deep, and is difficult to cross, and winds back
wards and forwards across the valley.
Road leads on down the right bank of ^ the river
Atrak, which is here some 30 feet in width and 1
to 2 feet in depth.
A good deal of water is taken from it above Gaza
bad for irrigation at that place, where large tracts

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎174r] (352/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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