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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎180v] (365/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. Ibh—contd.
Naiband to Khabis, via Chehel Pai and Gwark.
D istances
in miles.
E bmaeks.
Names of stages.
track runs between rugged black hills, until at
6 miles side of the nullah is crossed. Height
7,300'. To south, some 15 miles away, a hio-h
snow-covered range is visible. Thence track
descends into a valley, some 2 miles wide, with
biggish hills on both sides. At 6| miles stone
tower on hill to east about 3 miles off. It was
built 40 years ago against the Baluchis.
At 9 miles road passes Heni (in Kohistan district),
which has 12 houses, a small stream and an
orchard. Height 6,500'.
At 11 miles Dahee, another hamlet, situated at end
of valley, but we double hack up side of Jbill and
ascend to Gwark, 13 miles. Gwark consists of
some 25 to 30 houses, inhabited by soldiers.
Supplies are obtainable and are fairly abundant.
Boad impassable for wheels. A stream runs from
beyond Gwark to Dahi, the water being conveyed
round over the hill in a channel.
T ejten
Road at first goes along east side of valley close to
the hills. Dik-Di-Kuh, a small village, to west, 3
miles south of Gwark at foot of the hills. At 1
mile leave main valley and wind up among hills to
pass 7,400' at 3 miles. There are two old forts,
one on either .side, at some distance above track.
Their present use is to act as a landmark for the
numerous caravans which come from Sistan in
the winter. From this point the big range at
the point behind Di Kuh changes direction and
runs nearly due west. The hills, which were
covered with snow, must reach to a height of
9,000' to 10,000'. To south there is a succession
of hills with southerly part of the main range
behind. Track then descends over very rough
ground until at 6 miles the main valley is reach
ed, ^ one branch of which runs north touching
main^ range on its west side ; hamlet of Borjun,
If miles right.
At 8-| miles valley closes in 20f miles and at
miles Gaz is suddenly come upon hidden in a
fold of the ground. It is a considerable village
and equi-distaht from both Karman and Khabis,
height 6,200'. Continuing on down the valley
13 miles, cross stream at a place where there is
a patch of tamarisk. The stream flows pretty
well due E. to Dhan-i-Gar, where there is a shrine
and mill. Crossing stream pass between two old
towers changing direction to south-south-east.
At 16 miles a Jcanat which winds round to Dehni

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎180v] (365/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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