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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎184r] (372/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 163.
N asratabad to B irjand.
hy— S hekh M ohi-ud-din, K.B., F ebruary 1895.
D istances
in miles.
Rem abes.
Names of stages.
March vid Barang parallel to, but about 3 miles
from the Bandan river. Bale Kimao is a dry
haoz, which holds water during the monsoon
Zajnulabad. ...
Over undulating; ground for 8 miles, when again
strike the Bandan river. A little further pass
Bandu village, containing about 50 Persian fami
lies. The river, which was flowing, here forms
the boundary between Persia proper and Persian-
Baluchistan. Leaving river proceed between 2
low ranges to Zainulabad, where there is abund
ant water, in springs and in the river, and also
fuel and forage. Zainulabad is a large village, of
about 300 families of Persians, under the Amir of
Birjand. A small supply only of wheat and bar
ley may be had here.
At 2| miles leave Tabasin village 1 mile to the
east. Thence over an open valley to Guishe, a*
spring of good water, where fuel and forage are
Road over low undulating hills. Good water from
two wells and a sufficiency of fuel and forage.
Over similar undulating ground,. A well of good'
water, witk fuel and forage in the neighbour
on biverbank-
Traverse open plain, 15 miles broad, and cross a
river at 7 miles and another at 14.-
D ubxth
f m
Continue over plain. At 5 miles pass Pawat vil
lage and at 7 miles Sheikh All village. About £
mile west of the latter are the ruins of Sipawa.
Duruh, a large village of about 500 houses of
Persians, situated on the eastern limit of the
plains and at the western base of a range of hills
forming 1 the boundary between Persia and Af
ghanistan. Supplies may be had at Duruh and
also good water from springs, but fuel and forage
are scarce. Two water mills here.
March westwards over the plain and crossing a few
small water-courses, reach Chah Ba^na well at 14
miles (altitude 3,900'). Masham is a spring of
sufficient and good water, but fuel and forage are

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎184r] (372/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 August 2019]

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