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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎186r] (376/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 166— contd.
Neh to Khur, via Chahar FarsaJch, fyc.
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
B emabes.
S ehloh
At Similes cross a series of watercourses and pass
several small hillocks on either side of road,
which undulates over low spurs from range on
west, highest peak of which has patches of snow ;
at 6 miles turn up a dry watercourse, no track
and stony going.
Pass at 7f miles the Kalata-i-Sayad Ali uninha
bited now.
To the east is the Kuh-i-Barun.
Pass at lOf miles village of Gun; stream of water;
hence turn up across the mountain continuing
up a watercourse, an easy pass.
At 13 miles pass the village of Gushin, deserted
during this season. Here is also a stream of
water and 4 or 5 houses. Continue up a glen
with a few trees here and there.
Reach the top of the pass at 15i miles. Barometer
25 , 02 v . The descent, like the ascent, is gentle
though stony.
Prom 18 miles strike across valley, descending
gradually till the main watercourse, after which
ascend slightly.
Reach the village of Chahar Parsakh. Barometer
25*45 7 , 9 p.m ., January 28th.
(By the direct route, it cannot be more than 18
miles from JSeh to Chahar Parsakh.)
Chahar Parsakh is a flourishing village in the Neh
buluk; contains 160 houses, 2 fcarezes of water,
one salt, the other fresh, 10 yoke of oxen, 1,500
sheep, and 200 camels, the latter included in the
estimate for .Neh. The headman is a cousin of
the governor of Neh, and son of Akram Khan.
Sheep are here taxed at 4 to a kran.
Leave Chahar Parsakh, bearing 310°, and ascend
side of valley, opposite to that crossed yesterday.
Road good and ascent gradual.
On right, at 2^ miles, a spur projects north and
south, about 100 feet high.
Pass a good harez stream at 4 miles-~2 feet wide by
2 feet deep.
On the right, at 5f miles, is the imposing peak of
the Kuh-i-Huri covered with patches of snow.
The soil is light and sandy, and ground slopes down
gently to the village of Bichin at 8 miles. Here
is a small stream. Road now ascends. The
range on left has a sprinkling of snow in the
crevices, down to near level of valley.
Bichin contains 50 houses, 12 yoke of oxen, one
stream, 18' 7 wide by 4 r/ deep ; no firewood.
Pass an ahamhar, dry, at lli miles.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎186r] (376/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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