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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎195r] (394/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 172— conid,
R asht to A mul.
Names of stages.
Saeukdin Kala
in miles.
Crossing a small strGani npar tliG villagG, one©
more continued along the shore. The scene here^
too, was changed ; instead of foam and breakers,
the sea was calm as a mill-pond, and, save the
occasional splash of some huge sturgeon gambol
ling on the surface, not a ripple disturbed its
tianquil bosom, which appeared like a vast sheet
of glass. About 2 miles from the village, cross
ed the river Izarud, where there is a fishery of
the azadmahi, ami soon afterwards came to the
banks of the Neshbarud. Thence the road goes
to Abbasabad, about 7 miles from Zuvar, arriv
ed at, after crossing the river Passandeh and
another nameless stream.
Continued along the sands in a direction E. by S.
The day's march forded the following rivers, of
which the Namakab-Rud is the largest; the Asp-
i-Chi, Landzabad, Til-i-Rud, Palanga-Rud, Kal-
arubad, Namak-Ab-Rud, Nao-Rud, Rud Pusht,
Sard-Ab-Rud, Chalus, Karpamsa, besides 17 other
small streams, some of which are probably bran
ches from one or other of the larger rivers. After
travelling 5^ farsakhs, arrived at the village of
Continued along the coast in mrch the same direc
tion as last march. After crossing the rivers
Manshallak and Musiabad, the mountains ap
proached close to the shore; sometimes the road lay
within the skirts of the woods, the ground of which
was covered with flowers. Fordpd the Hari-Rud,
Mazikar Rud and the Dnzdika Rud, the mouth of
which was then choked by a sandbank, which
had been thrown up by the late winds ; the
waters, however, were collecting inside, and by
their weight would very soon force a passage for
themselves. A short distance from the shore, on
the banks of this stream, is situated a large
village called Kalentes. Some way farther on
crossed, the river Aliabad, and during march
passed over seven smaller rivulets, besides those
named. Turned from the seashore to the village
of Sarurdin Kala, situated some few hundred
yards from the beach.
Continued journey along the coast. From this
point the mountains began gradually to recede
from the shore, leaving a tract of low marshy
land, which, at halting-place, whs from 15 to 20
miles broad, dotted with numerous villages, and

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎195r] (394/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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