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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎198v] (401/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. m—c
Sakiz to Karmanshah, via Shlakh,
Names of stages,
D istances
in miles.
E ehabks.
Track turns west, skirting some hills, bordering
the valley of the Jaghatu, running in deep narrow
bed, miles to the left.
A deep valley runs to the right, in which is a
small village of 30 houses called Kachirmina.
Quantities of tobacco grown round here. Road is a
good 8' to 10' ledge in clay hillside. The valley of
the Jaghatu runs 60° from here; a narrow valley
with high step hills on either side. Cross small
stream of good water. Temp. 83°. Elev. 5,270'.
Descend rocky rough bit for 300 yards, and reach
river valley, the Jaghatu river lying 600 yards
to the left.
Over a low spur, and descend alongside river bank.
Pass village of Shlakh of 30 huts under hill, one
mile to left. Ford river, now 30' to 40' wide,
with only a few inches of water and a very slight
current, with occasional deep pools. It flows in a
gravelly bed, 200 to 300 yards wide. Some
seasons, it is said to be quite dry, the water being
led away for irrigation. In winter it is difficult
to ford. Black, volcanic-looking rock crops jout
here and there in the hillsides, Elev. 5,065' in
the river-bed.
A wide basin between the hills runs up 350° for
5 miles. In the centre of it is large village of
150 houses called Berdazer.
Along a broad clay track in hillside overhanging
the right bank.
Some granite rock appears here. Rough rocky
track for 500 yards along a 4' ledge overhanging
the water. This might be avoided by. going along
the river-bed.
Pass a large village of 200 houses called Musra,
^ mile from left bank of river. Good track over
some low undulations. A wide basin, well culti
vated, with rich loamy soil, extends 6 to 8 miles
round village. Track gradually leaves the river
valley, now half a mile to right, and turns up a
side valley by a small stream.
Encamp near village of 50 houses called Rengrazal,
situated at the mouth of small valley, and sur
rounded by a good fruit orchard and vineyard.
Temp. 83°.
Water-supply good and abundant from large spring
just above the village. Firewood scarce. Fruit-
trees sometimes used ; cow-dung and ^gavvan "
or other prickly shrubs and stalks of large thistles
also used. Supplies abundant in this district.
Melons, cucumbers, pears, apricots, and onions

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎198v] (401/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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