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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎201v] (407/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. m—c
Sakiz io Karmanshah, vid Eengrazal,
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
E bmabks.

Road 6'to 8' wide with an easier gradient, but
stony in places. Situated 3 miles to the right
in a direction 245° is a hi^h noountain, with a
jagged rocky summit, called the Kuh-i-Musjid
Mirza, with a few patches of snow at the top.
A long narrow valley, with steep rocky sides,
comes from that direction and joins this valley.
The Kuh-i-Musjid Mirza is an outlier from the
higher range to the eastward called the Kuh-i-
Chahel Chashma. Plenty of rank green
grass beside the stream.
Small valleys open ont on either hand among the
Pass an outcr'op of black, volcanic trachyte.
Track very steep and rough for 400 yards ; still
.Valley bifurcates here. We ascend in a direction
168°. Another valley runs up 27°. Elev.
Commence ascending steep day ridge closing the
head of the valley by a series of short zigzags.
Soil, a light clay with few stones. Elev. 8,100'.
Reach summit of ridge (8,270)'.
To the right, bearing 298°, is a high rocky ridge
streaked with snow called the Knh-i-Chahel
Chashma from the many streams which flow
from it. The Ja^hatu, Kurkhura, Kizil Uzan,
and large tributaries of the great Zab all rise in
this range. The summit of the range is about
10,500'. Elev. 8,270'. Temp. 75°.
Descend a broad clay track, approaching the head
of a narrow valley. This is known as the Pass
Enter narrow rocky defile, following bank of small
stream, along which is plenty of good grass.
Track stony in places. Elev. 7,505'.
Pass a small spring in the hillside.
Valley opens out and gradient improves. Several
patches of cultivation passed.
Pass village of 50 houses called Koar at the exit
from the valley, surrounded by a small vineyard
and some poplars. There is a watermill on the
stream bank; water-supply is from a large
spring close by. Pass through village, and
emerge on a wide gently undulating plain,
through which stream winds. Along the banks
are several small patches of cultivation, mostly
wheat and millet and a little tobacco. Elev.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎201v] (407/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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