Skip to item: of 739
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎205v] (415/739)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

No, m—c
Sakiz to Karmanshah, via Shlalch,
Names of stages.
D istakcbs
in milks.
151 J
152 J
well-cultivated valley, with a small village at the
head, runs in for about a mile from the rio-ht
Cross a small, well-cultivated bend of the river.
River valley narrows to a rocky gorge, its course
now changing to south-east. Route turns up 215°
following a side valley along the left bank of a
small stream. It is an easy gradient along a
broad gravelly track. High range of rounded
bare hills lies along to the left. Passed small
patches of cultivation—wheat, cotton, and castor-
oil plant. Temp. 93°. Elev. 5,165'.
Over a rocky spur. The valley is 300 to 400 yards
wide. Several small ravines in ridges on either
hand. Elev. 5,555'.
Track bifurcates : one broad track goes to the right,
leading to the villages at head of Kolasara valley.
Keep to the track to the left; valley is here 200
yards broad.
Pass mouth of small valley from the right, down
which flows a stream, the banks thickly lined with
shrubs. Water-mill at the end of the valley.
Elev. 5,515'.
Cross streamlet and turn to the left round the
foot of a spur. Valley opens out into a wide
basin, cultivated with wheat, cotton and maize in
small patches.
Pass Haltushan, a village of 40 huts, in a side
valley to left.
Round the foot of the spur to left. A valley runs
np 314° from here, 5 miles long and 1 to 2 miles
broad, narrowing in at the upper end, and bound
ed by high rounded hills. A small stream comes
down it and there are numerous springs along
the foot of the ridges. At the head is Kolasara,
a village of 100 houses, clustered round a large
At the lower end is a village of the same size call
ed Asaola.
Our track leads in a direction 143° up the pro
longation of the Kolasara valley, f mile wide,
easy track; very gentle gradient. The valley
narrows as we ascend.
Pass two large springs in the hill-side to the left.
Several flocks of cattle and sheep seen. Hay
was being gathered from the hillsides for the
winter. Track stony in places,
valley extends to the left into a loop, 1 mile
diameter, shut in by high, rounded bare hills.
Elev. 5,870'.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎205v] (415/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [&lrm;205v] (415/739)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src=" Eur F111_371_0413.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image