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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎206v] (417/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 177— contd,
Sakiz to Karmanshah, via Shlahh, Rengrazal, fyc.
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
This route is a well-frequented one. Some cara
vans of carpets from Sena were overtaken.
Yabus, mules and donkeys chiefly used.
Left village, and started across a broad level plain
of rich soil, only partially cultivated^ The cropf*
are wheat, maize, millet, and irrigated by small
canals from the stream. Temp. 61°. Elev 6,195'#
The plain on the edge of which Kamiran stands,
extends 6 to 8 miles wide and runs south-east
for 25 to 30 miles bounded by steep rocky ridges.
It gets gradually narrower near the head of the
plain. Six small villages only were counted on
the plain, mostly at the foot of the border hills,
and a large portion of the soil is left uncultivated.
Villages small and poor-looking, and the plain is-
quite treeless.
Pass a large mound on the plain to right. _ Eoad
is a level gravelly track ; going 174° crossing the-
width of the plain.
Through village of 50 mud huts called Kalagh.
Mosf of the villagers had left, and camped in
booths of branches on the plain for the summer.
Enter gap in the hills to the south of the plain
called Tangi-i-Kalashakani. Elev. 4,815'.
It is half a mile wide, bounded by cliffs, .100' to-
200'high. Broad level track.
Reach left bank of Rahzabar river coming from the
east end of the Karairan plain, and which even
tually joins the Kara Su near Karmanshah. It
runs in a sandy bed, 100 yards wide, close under
the cliffs on the east side of the pass.
There are a few deep pools with a little running
water. It is a difficult stream to cross in the
rainy season, and full of quicksands.^
Pass Darkarman, a village of 20 miserable huts,
under the cliffs on the west side of the pass.
Ford the Rahzabar flowing in a gravelly bed, 300
to 400 yards wide. It is an easy crossing
through very shallow water, most of the river
being led away into irrigation cuts.
The rock turns sharp round the east end of ridge
which, marks the southern limit of the pass.
The rock is hard grey limestone. The ridge has
a rough, jagged summit, quite impassable, with
no vegetation to be seen on it. It here rises
3,000' to 4,000' above the plain level, and in
creases in height as we go on, culminating in
the Kuh-i-Baluch.
Track skirts along the foot o£ the southern slope.
Another track keeps more to the south of the
plain equally good.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎206v] (417/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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