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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎209r] (422/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 178.
Sakiz to S ena.
pottinger, jul? 1889.
Names of stages.
D istances
in time.
K haba K hoi
At If hours road divides (that to right goes to
Zinjan) passes Gamautin and descends: at 3
hours cross river-bed, 250 yards broad, running
right to left; pass Ainan : at 3f hours pass
Sahab (100 huts): at 5| hours pass Sonata
villas : road descends steep and stony slope:
crosses river and canal: at 6| hours ascend small
stream and reach village of Chaopan (60 huts).
Start south-east through pasture and cultivation :
at IJ hours small village of Tunian : road then
ascends Cultivated valley : at 2J hours cross
pass and descend another valley, with stream ;
country hilly and thickly populated : at 3J hours,
village o£ Mizam-i-Hash (50 huts) : path to left
leads to village Habshahr : thence road ascends
and at 4| hours plateau is reached : to west and
north-west snowy hills, with cultivated valleys:
at 5 hours Husenabad village (50 huts): undulat
ing pasture : at 6 hours Haji-Sai soon after
which a road branches to right, at 6J hours fresh
water spring : at 8 hours small stream and village
Zarina (40 huts).
South, through cultivation and pasture : at one
hour, undulating country and Kalakand village
(100 huts) with stream : at three hours branch
road to left : at 5| hours river bed, 200 yards
wide ; lower, it narrows and is crossed by
a three-arched brick bridge : river usually ford-
able : further down, both banks are cultivated
and there are numerous villages; at 5J hours
Khara Khoi (80 huts).
Road ascends, passes over hill and descends narrow
cultivated valley with small river : at one hour
village and cross roads : at hours two
good springs of water : at If hours Zaghar (60
huts) in fertile, irrigated and well cultivated
country : at 2 hours crosses river and ascends :
at 3 hours, over hill, then crosses valley with
another stream : numerous villages visible, at
4 hours plateau, pasture, sloping to river on
right front: at 5J hours road descends along
narrow valley, with good spring at its head : at
6j hours two tributaries join stream in valley,
which widens to i mile and is well cultivated :
then reach Khuramabad and at 7 hours village
of Husainabad (60 houses).
Direction south south-west through undulating
country : after half hour cross small valley and
stream: at f hour ascend high rocky hill : path is
practicable for mules : at 2^ hours descend hill of
gradient i : then ascend narrow ravine which
gradually widens : at 3 hours cross pass at h^ad
of ravine and descend latter on other side.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎209r] (422/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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