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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎227v] (459/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 186— conicl,
Sehkoha to Mashad, viti Deh-i~Dost MuJiammady Zainulabad^ fyc.
Names of stages.
running to tbe riglit to Ibrabiraabad and the
other, called tbe Rud i-Sikbsar, to the left. We
followed for some distance down tbe left bank of
tbe latter, bere an insignificant stream only some
fifteen yards in widtb—till we came to the village
known' as Deb Dost Mubammad, wbicb I take
to be tbe place marked Warsbuti on tbe map.
Tbe village contains some 200 bouses and is
apparently increasing. Supplies procurable.
Some tbree miles out from Deb-i-Dost Mubammad
we came to Karkun or Kirmak, built on a mound
of old ruins. Beyond Karkun we found tbe whole
country under water. Tbe stream beyond Karkan
was up to tbe men's necks at tbe ford. Road
from Karkun to Lash Juwain said to be always
closed by water during flood season in spring and
summer, when people cross in tutins, but to be
dry in autumn and summer as a rule: it is said
to run from Karkun across tbe river to Takhta
Pul, thence to Deb Darwesb Muhammad, Eata-
mak. Padai, Khanduka, Suhrabak, Takht-i-Sbah,
Mishkushi, Salian, and Pesbwaran to Lash Juwain.
From Pulgi to Takht-i-Sbah, 7 miles.
Margun consists of only some twenty or thirty
tamarisk wattle huts, and has no supplies.
The plain between the two hamlets is studded with
mounds and marks of ancient ruins. Tbe hamlet
on tbe edge of the water here only consists of
some ten or twelve huts, and supplies have been pro
cured with difficulty. Jalalabad, which lies about
a mile to W., is surrounded by water, and the crops
both here and there have mostly been destroyed.
Supplies bad to be collected from other villages.
A very hard day's march. First we had about
a mile of water to wade through to village
of Jalalabad, in the mud of which many of the
camels stuck and fell. Beyond the village again
was more than half a mile of deeper water still,
too deep for tbe mules to get through loaded, and
all the baggage had accordingly to be put on the
Beyond that the mules were loaded up again, but
owing to numerous canals between villages or
Boli and Kachyan the tents and baggage which
started at dawn did not get in till sunset.
Supplies procured mostly from surrounding villages.
Tbe kucha to the north being flooded^ we bad to
go round by Adimi, Deb Isa and Nasirabadto this
place, crossing the same stretch of flood water
that we crossed on our way from Nasirabad to

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎227v] (459/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 August 2019]

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