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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎240r] (484/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 1%— contd.
S ha H uud to H erat, via Biarjumand, Sangan and Khaf.
D istances
in miles.
Names of stages.
B bkaexs.
Direction south-east by east. Road good though
undulating. Soil gravelly. Continue gentle
descent over undulating country. Cross several
streams, and enter bed of broad river with high
banks, 30 feet wide and 3 feet deep. At 7 miles
steep ascent from this river-bed. Presently road
to Turbat-i-Haidari branches off left. At 11
miles small village, with large tree off left. At
12 miles pass rain-water reservoir on right, and
cross stream. Cross several other streams. At
14 miles Jafirabad and Husenabad off left. At
15 miles Kala-i-Nao of? left. Thence gradual
ascent to 16 miles, where there is a reservoir of
rain-water on right. Undulating descent to 20
miles, when pass Hendabad on right. Cross stream,
and at 23 miles pass round Muhammadabad on
left. Cross stream, and pass garden and trees off
left. Then at 27 miles cross deep and rapid river
from left. Between this and camp, cross canals
with tower on left succeeded by deep stream.
Sangan is built on plateau, under rocky hills on
left; Jcanats and ruins. Encamp outside, near
the stream. Water abundant and good. Sup
plies plentiful. See Index.
Direction south-east. Eoad level and good. Soil
alluvial and gravelly. Descend for half a mile
to foot of plateau. Then ascend gradually to 3|
miles, where cross a stream. Beyond pass, en
trenchment (road from Abbasabad comes in from
right rear), after which gentle descent to kanat.
At 7f miles Jafarabad off right. At 8 miles cross
kanats ; and village of Rud Khur lies off right.
At 8J miles a reservoir of rain-water on left.
At 8f miles a stream. At 10| miles village of
Afsabad off right. At 12^ miles is the town of
Knshkar, well fortified and situated on high
ground on the left of road (this is the usual
stage). Pass through Ishkur and mud ruins
beyond, streams and extensive gardens along right
to 134 miles. At 14| miles village of Husain-
abad on left. At 17| miles watercourse; village
and gardens of Mulhak ofi right. At 18| miles
watercourse, and three trees on left. At 19|
miles village of Jalalabad on left, and ruins on
right. At 20| miles two watercourses. Beyond
this, the line of Jcanats crosses the road. At 21J
miles village of Mehdiabad on right. Hence,
within 4 miles, cross two watercourses. At 2o|
miles the village of Chamanabad on right, with

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎240r] (484/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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