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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎241r] (486/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 190—
Shahrud to Herat, via Biarjumand, Sang an and Khaf.
Names of stages.
IN MlliliP,
» 2
this, cross stream several times. Encamp on
hillside near stream, which is probably drv m
summer (when the traveller most halt 3 miles
earlier) Plenty of firewood. Water clear in
parts only, plenty in winter. Supplies none.
Direction east. Eoad tolerable over large plain. Soil
chiefly gravelly and sandy, but alluvial in parts.
Contmne along defile. Cross dry bed of torrent
with pools ol water. At 2 miles ruins of a stone
sarai, and empty reservoir on right, undulating
and rocky. Pass remains of village and an old
dvv VT e f ? 0D /F left - At 34 dee ».
diy bed of Karat torrent. At 6 miles broad,
d'y bed, with ruined fort of Farazneh, 3 miles ofE
right, under the mountains. Several small nullahs
now cross road. At 8 miles a deep one. At 10
miles empty stone reservoir on right. At 13 miles
cross choked line of i'anai*. At 21 miles are the
remains of a small mud fort on left, with other
similar ruins on both sides in the plain, also more
choked lines ot kanats. At 23 miles a dry bed
of river. About 1 mile off the left is a spring
ot brackish water, called Sburab. At 28 mi'es
cross several deep ravines. Then gentle nndulat-
mg ascent towards the point of a spur from the
oang-i. Dukhtar; thence gentle descent to Haoz
bang-i-Dnkhtar, where is a brick reservoir of
good rain-water. Pine plain for encamping
Large quantities of furze for firewood. Water
rot;ie p ^ tifuI ' butprobab1 ^^ in summer -
i> ' I ^ r ";r e . a , st south. Road good. Soil at first
g ayelly then alluvial. Gradual descent in fine
level valley to 6 miles, where there are remains
of brick fort on left, and ruined reservoir (empty)
on right. At 8 miles ascend from valley ; wind
through rocky defile to 9 miles. At 10 miles a
high conical monnd on left. Thence slightly
undulating with gentle descent among low hills
to 14 mi'es. Beyond level alluvial plain. At
215 miles gardens of Ghurian. Place of pilgrim
age among trees off left. See Index.
See Eoute No. 136, stage 10,
Water good and plentiful. Eoad level and good
all the way from Zindajau to Herat
Koute No. 136, last stage

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎241r] (486/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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