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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎241v] (487/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 191.
Soltanabad to Kashan, Khugan NaraJc.
Authority —J. R. Preuce, 1894.
in miles.
K emaeks.
Names of stages.
I njalan ...
• ••
For 8 milos followed same road as tbat from
Gili to Sultanabad : thence crossed through
low hills and emerged on lower part of
same plain as Gili is in, traversing latter
E. S. E.. reached, at 16 miles, Amirarad
village, thence to northern point of hills, reached
at 20 miles, then enter plain of Injadan : larj^e
village of that name reached at 24 miles,
by a hard piece of stony road winding through
fields and gardens. 300 houses, l,t >00 people,
good spring.
K hugan
Continued S. S. E. and, after leaving village, hore
up hill side and for 3 miles crossed spurs of the
hills: road stony and rough until Gudar-i-
Chenar was reached; pass took 10 minutes to
ascend : thence gentle descent, winding among
small hills for another 3 miles: at 8 miles
reached Chenar village, watered by a spring : So
houses : 350 people: 18,200 lbs. of grain sown
yearly. Hence to Mahalla were two roads, one
vid Buzijan (said to be 22 miles and very rough
and hilly) : the other via Khugan. Continued^
from Chenar by latter nearly due east for a few
hundred yards ; then crossed deep ravine and strike-
a road running along base of hills south-east
and after 3 miles emerged on to open undulating'
plain : after 3 more miles reached double village
of Khugan, in Kumain district. 150 houses:
550 people : 39,000 lbs. of grain sown yearly.
1 M ahalia
Continued nearly due east, by fine road, which is
the main one between Kashan and Karmanshah :
crossed same plateau as before for 3J miles,
passsed over a low passs, then gradual descent
among low hills : at 8| miles emerged at Saiara
village : 15 houses. Continued hence east, crossing
over a small plain: at 11J miles reached very
undulating ground: after a further 2 miles
emerged on to another small plain with a village
to the right, with good water: at 12 miles
reached Mahalla: straggling town, watered by
springs and Icanats t 1,300 houses : 7,500 people.
Chief town of disii-ict.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎241v] (487/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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