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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎270r] (544/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 213.
Tabrtz io Rasht, via Ardahil and Karghan,
Authority —Fuaser.
D istances
in miles.
Names of stages.
E bmabks.
N agodah

Road brandies off from main on« to Tehran near
Chaman-i-Angan. Its course soon after lies in
a deep valley, whence it ascends by a steep and
stony path. Last 12 miles over a plain.
S aeiab
• t •
In a plain.
N ib
• •t
Leaving the plain of Sari ah, the road turns down a
short hill, aud then winds among valleys for
some miles. It then ascends a rocky range by a
tedious and stony track, the descent on the other
side being also very rough.
A edabil
• ••
The road goes along a valley, with a good deal o£
cultivation. Cf. Eoute No. 212, stage 11.
A qlaba
» • •
After reaching the edge of the Ardabil plain, the
road crosses a range of rocky hills. The plain
beyond, in which a small lake is passed, gradually
contracts into a valley, up which the road is very
rocky. After this the road winds for 6 miles
along the margin of a deep and precipitous ravine.
Then there follows a steep ascent, but over a
good road, down a subsidiary glen of the valley
of the Karghan-Rud.
K abghan- R ud..
The road is good throughout. After a sharp des
cent the road enters the bed of the Karghan-Rud,
which it keeps crossing and re-crossing to the
point where it debouches from the hills. Cf„
Route No. 212, stage 15.
K ala sabai ...
(K hata S aba P)
S hafi-bud
• ft
• M
► See Route No, 212.
A nzali
• •4
R asht
• tt
Phis is much the most direct and apparently the
easiest route.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎270r] (544/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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