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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎287r] (578/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. ^l—conid.
T ehran to A nzali, via Kishlak, Kasvin, fyc.
D istances
in miles.
Names of stages.
E bmaeks.
M azeran
About 12 miles (3 farsakhs) from TCasvin is the
village of A^ha Baba, over the gate of which
are several large and good rooms where travel
lers, hf giving a present, may stay. These rooms
are for the convenience of the owner of the
village, who, however, rarely visits the place.
Agha Baba is rich in flocks and herds. A
carriage can be driven over the road from Kasvin
to Agha Baba, which, however, for the first 5
miles, is heavy after rain.
Shortly after leaving Agha Baba, the road enters
the mountains (a spur of the Alburz range), is
undulating and gradually ascending. Two far-»
sakhs from Agha Baba, somewhat off the cara
van road to the left is Mazeran*. a miserable and
small village, where no supplies can be obtained,
Midway between Agha Baba and Mazeran is a
small stream, probably dry in summer, which is
used for purposes of irrigation as frequent patches
of corn on the hillside testify. With the ex
ception of these patches there is scarcely any
From Mazeran the country becomes more moun
tainous. The road is gravelly, and the ascent
more marked. A stunted tree is occasionally
seen in the valleys. At about 2 farsakhs from
Mazeran the road becomes rocky in places and
runs along the mountain side overlooking a ravine
through which rushes a rapid stream fed by
springs running down the face of the moun
tains on either side. The water of these springs
is flowing towards the Caspain, thus showing
that the watershed or highest point of the moun
tain has been passed. At 3 farsakhs from
Mazeran, the fairly large village of Karza is
■ reached. Karza possesses a caravansarai fo^
the accommodation of animals, while good quar.
ters for travellers are easily procured at the Kid-
khuda's house. Supplies are obtainable here.f
P achinab
At Karza the road leaves the mountain torrent^
and the descent of the well known ^ Karza pass
is shortly commenced. The road is tortuous,
steep, and in places rocky, constantly descending
for 2 farsakhs, when a broad and partially dry
river-bed is reached, on the further side of which
is PachinarJ. This stream is liable to floods
and occasionally becomes impassable in the spring
* Here is the chaparkhanah, where post horses are obtained. . , ^
t Uetween Karza and Mazeran the road is during winter liable to become impassable from snow tor ten days
ft| a time.
X The second chaparkhanah or post-house i» here..

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎287r] (578/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 August 2019]

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