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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎301v] (607/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 227—
T ehran to K armamshah,
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
ground. Supplies scarce. Nuvaran is a flourish,
ing little town with some fine gardens. Popula-
tion about 2,000. Passing imamzada on left
pass through village and cross a stream: and
descending from high rocky plateau on which
village of Shamarin is built, cross dry bed of
torrent at half a mile. Beyond 1st mile cross three
successive low ridges from hills on right. Pass
large village of Buvaran built on sides and top of
a gravelly hill. Here a road turns off to right
towards hills on that side, and a little further on,
at 2 miles, pass close to hills on left, alongside of
which road descends. Below in valley on right
are fine gardens watered by a torrent; thence road
continually descends, following course of a torrent
with rocks on left, and precipitous. At 7| miles
cross a deep ravine, down which runs torrent, thence
descend steeply, and at 3 miles cross stream. At
half a mile pass some gardens and fine walnut-trees
on left. Pass under lofty trap rocks on left, with
aforementioned torrent winding at their basej
sloping glassy hills on right. At 4 miles cross
deep ravine with stream at bottom. At 6 miles
pass close under low hills on right, and cross
dry bed of stream running down from ravine in
hills. Next, crossing a succession of dry beds
of torrents and undulations, pass village of Ka-
ziabad, amid gardens and vineyards on left of
road, and cross stream. Descending thence into
a gently undulating valley, cross dry bed of
torrent at^ 7^ miles. At 8^ miles, a road cross-
es from right front, leading towards hills off
left in the direction of Saveh. Thence, as far
as 112 miles, steep ascent out of valley with low
hills on right. Here a road branches off to left
and another to beyond village of Azlagheh.
At lijj miles pass fortified village on high
mound on left called Azlagheh. In the valley
below, watered by a stream, are some ruins and
nourishing gardens. Descend from top of steep
ridge and cross^ stream at 12 miles. Pass along
lane between high garden walls, and ascend
over a stony undulating country to 13 miles.
nee a steep short descent, and at 13i miles
pass some fine gardens and vineyards on left
ica . hence pass through town of Nuvaran,
built on slopes of a steep hill, round which the
road descends. Cross stream at bottom, and
IZZ i ^P^S-ground on west of town on a
giassy slope by the side of a clear stream.

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎301v] (607/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

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