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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎341v] (687/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 243— contd,
Y azd to M ash ad, via Kharanak, Fashi-uBadam, 8cc.
Names of stages.
D istances
in miles.
R emarks.
At 18 miles road winds in a maze of low hills • here
there is a rill of water, flowing from left to rHit
In the valleys between these ridges there is some
coarse grass, a little scrubby tamarisk, and thorns.
At 183 miles another rill running from left to
right. Road goes up and down a good deal. The
ascents and descents 20' to 50'; some of them
rather steep, but road is good and hard. Here
there is a little, sandy valley, but going is not
heavy. At 19t miles another trickle of water
Place known ag Naklak lies somewhere among
these ridges. There is, it is said, water at Naklak •
not very salt, but probably very brackish. At 20
miles enter dry bed of watercourse about 10 yards
broad,draining apparently to the S. E. Road is
here rough and bad ; it remains in the bed of this
watercourse for half a mile. Road continues in a
general N. E. direction, going through breaks in
the ridges, and soon after comes to another trickle
of water.
At 22^ miles turn the end of tlie highest of these
ridges. These ridges seem to join the mountain
that bounds the great plain on the N.
At 231 miles pass the southern end of the next
ridge. At 24 miles road makes a sweep to the S.
to turn end of the last of the ridges, and then
enters great plain of Ohahardeh. For the next
mile, however, road is a good deal broken and
cut up.
1 his plain, like the others, slopes gently down to
the centre from the mountains on both sides.
Koad descends gently; plain is hard, covered
ffii . ^ ^fts. .Road henee is excellent. At
*63 miles is a dry haoz. This seems to be about
P01nt on ^ he 1,oad - Altitude 2,540'.
At 29^ mile^ enter wide, dry bed of watercourse,
draining apparently to the S.
This is crossed, and road begins to ascend gradually
and to approach the mountains that bound the
At 304 miles road enters the hills, and commences
v a v&lley bounded on both sides by
lugged hills.^ The road is stony, but good. At
sfw gain crest of the ridge. Altitude
^bnt va " e y> at first narrow,
ne a ..fv N A y K 0p ! nin « out - The ^nce is
tbem i<s ,] ° u ^ a * of a mile beyond the top
there is a dry tank, and a little further a track

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎341v] (687/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 September 2019]

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