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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎353r] (710/739)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 347—
Zindjan to Sakiz, viaNmiralad Sail I.
Names of stages.
D istances
a few patches of poor wheat
and Weeds, witli
here and there.
2f —On the light, hidden in a hollow
village Alus, about 60 houses and a few garden^'
and on a mound close hy the ruins of whit looks
like a cattle. At an angle 260° from here on
pillar 1 th ]? llow , is a Prominent stone
£1 V, i J ^"th-east and south, country
very broken by r.dges of barren-look ng hills^
To the east-north-east is a high peak. There are
signs of volcanic action. Rocks are mostly sand!
iikel'uUSitf^ COlOUr SpeCkled With white '
3 if;r;/;- Foll °:: ^ valley, tl,e river being on
the left. On other side of river, village Arkavin
antation of trees here. Eiver-bed about loo
yaids wide and sandy, but at present (July) little
water. On both banks there is a small amount of
cultivation of wheat and rice.
5 Sr ^d p . athway from sma11 Tai,e y on "gtt
5| W S -Gross l arg e dry river-bed coming from
the right. All the way along the river on both
sides are ravines with streams (now dry) flowing
into the river which would make this route
almost impassable after heavy rain. The hills on
nght are lower and more rounded than those on
Jeft. The latter are quite barren, the strata of
ridges g perperidicular ' stick ^g "P in sharp
5| hours.'—To left of road round stone tower
Mosquitoes and sandflies very bad. Eclipse of the
moon plainly visible here. The banks of the
river are lined with tamarisk bushes and the un-
^ cultivated country around is all camel -thorn.
Start in the same direction, following down the
valley which soon begins to widen and the hills
become lower. The latter appear to be of mud
much serried by small watercourses without a
particle of vegetation.
1 ^ omj \~T o left front Yang-i-Kin, a strangling-
village of about 100 huts, a mud residence and
a few trees. The harvest now being reaped.
14 hours» Village now on our left on far side of
river. From here the road winds round to west-
1| Ruins of mud residence to left of road.
River takes a bend here to the west. Cross it
soon after and on the other side follow down the

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎353r] (710/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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