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'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎24v] (57/208)

The record is made up of 1 volume (102 folios). It was created in 1904?-1905?. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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" Contre
Memoire." p. 247.
It is qiiite true, as stated at p. 55 of the French
a Contre-Memoire/' that the Slave Trade only
indirectly concerns the present controversy. But
the effect of the French action as to the Brussels
Act and of the French claims in Oman is to impede
its complete suppression by the Signatory Powers,
and also to impede the due execution of the
Sultan's arrangements for the suppression of the
trade in Muscat waters, by creating & class of
native vessels which, according to the French
claim, can be policed in these waters only by
French war-ship&,
M. Ottavi, in his letter of the 19th June, 1895,
comments on—
"cette singuliere recrudescence d'importation de negres
qui se concentrerait tout entire sur le point du Sultanat
de Maseate, ou nous ayons le plus d'inter^ts/'
The singularity on which comment is made
disappears when the facts are considered. They
have already been stated, but apparently need
reiteration. The part of Muscat where, accord
ing to M. Ottavi, the interests of France are
largest, happens also to be that occupied by
tribes of Arabs who have taken advantage of
their geographical position from time imme
morial to engage in the Slave Trade. M. Ottavi
himself gives an instance of the importation of
slaves into Siir (" Contre-Memoire," p. 265). It
has already been stated in the British Counter-
Case that over 100 of these Siiris were in 1902
captured in Mozambique while engaged in
shipping slaves, and this capture is referred to
in M. Kiesel's report of the 13th June, 1902. The ^ moire, p. 278.
statement of M. Ottavi that Siiris have been
offered the British flag (" Contre-Memoire,"
pp. 261-267) is wholly unfounded. The Siiris
do not love the British flag, because they have
experience of the vigilance of British cruisers
for the suppression of their slaving on the high
seas and in territorial waters under the Treaty
of 1873.
The interest which France has in Stir appears
to be the protection of the residents of that place
who have French flags, and whose status is the
chief matter of controversy before the Tribunal
*' Centre

About this item


This file consists of a number of printed reports relating to the arbitration over the granting of French flags to Muscat dhows:

  • A printed report in 1904 by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, relating to the arbitration on the issue of French flags to Omani dhows. An agreement between Britain and France in 1862 committed both governments to respect the independence of the Sultan of Muscat.
  • Reply on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty to the Supplementary Conclusions, presented on behalf of the Government of the French Republic and admitted by the tribunal on July 25, 1905.
  • The verdict (in French) of the arbitration tribunal.
  • Treaty Series (No. 3, 1905) - Agreements between the United Kingdom and France referring to arbitration the question of the grant of the French flag to Muscat Dhows.
  • The section on the geography of Oman (ff 58-59A) discusses the French claim with reference to Kiepert's map of 1850. Includes a sketch map of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Arabian Coast (folio 91A).
Extent and format
1 volume (102 folios)
Physical characteristics

Description: The foliation sequence commences at the title page and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Foliation errors: 1, and 1A; 50, and 50A; 59, and 59A; 84, and 84A-C; 88, and 88A; 91, and 91A. Pagination: A number of original typed pagination sequences are also located in the file.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎24v] (57/208), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/406, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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